A symmetric quandle is a quandle with a good involution. For a knot in ℝ³, a knotted surface in ℝ⁴ or an n-manifold knot in ${\mathbb{R}}^{n+2}$, the knot symmetric quandle is defined. We introduce the notion of a symmetric quandle presentation, and show how to get a presentation of a knot symmetric quandle from a diagram.

A Wirtinger presentation of a knot group is obtained from a diagram of the knot. T. Yajima showed that for a 2-knot or a closed oriented surface embedded in the Euclidean 4-space, a Wirtinger presentation of the knot group is obtained from a diagram in an analogous way. J. S. Carter and M. Saito generalized the method to non-orientable surfaces in 4-space by cutting non-orientable sheets of their diagrams by some arcs. We give a modification to their method so that one does not need to find and...

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