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Self-affine measures that are L p -improving

Kathryn E. Hare — 2015

Colloquium Mathematicae

A measure is called L p -improving if it acts by convolution as a bounded operator from L q to L² for some q < 2. Interesting examples include Riesz product measures, Cantor measures and certain measures on curves. We show that equicontractive, self-similar measures are L p -improving if and only if they satisfy a suitable linear independence property. Certain self-affine measures are also seen to be L p -improving.

Central sidonicity for compact Lie groups

Kathryn E. Hare — 1995

Annales de l'institut Fourier

It is known that the dual of a compact, connected, non-abelian group may contain no infinite central Sidon sets, but always does contain infinite central p -Sidon sets for p &gt; 1 . We prove, by an essentially constructive method, that the latter assertion is also true for every infinite subset of the dual. In addition, we investigate the relationship between weighted central Sidonicity for a compact Lie group and Sidonicity for its torus.

A generalization of a theorem of Erdős-Rényi to m-fold sums and differences

Kathryn E. HareShuntaro Yamagishi — 2014

Acta Arithmetica

Let m ≥ 2 be a positive integer. Given a set E(ω) ⊆ ℕ we define r N ( m ) ( ω ) to be the number of ways to represent N ∈ ℤ as a combination of sums and differences of m distinct elements of E(ω). In this paper, we prove the existence of a “thick” set E(ω) and a positive constant K such that r N ( m ) ( ω ) < K for all N ∈ ℤ. This is a generalization of a known theorem by Erdős and Rényi. We also apply our results to harmonic analysis, where we prove the existence of certain thin sets.

L p -improving properties of measures of positive energy dimension

Kathryn E. HareMaria Roginskaya — 2005

Colloquium Mathematicae

A measure is called L p -improving if it acts by convolution as a bounded operator from L p to L q for some q > p. Positive measures which are L p -improving are known to have positive Hausdorff dimension. We extend this result to complex L p -improving measures and show that even their energy dimension is positive. Measures of positive energy dimension are seen to be the Lipschitz measures and are characterized in terms of their improving behaviour on a subset of L p -functions.

Existence of large ε-Kronecker and FZI₀(U) sets in discrete abelian groups

Colin C. GrahamKathryn E. Hare — 2012

Colloquium Mathematicae

Let G be a compact abelian group with dual group Γ and let ε > 0. A set E ⊂ Γ is a “weak ε-Kronecker set” if for every φ:E → there exists x in the dual of Γ such that |φ(γ)- γ(x)| ≤ ε for all γ ∈ E. When ε < √2, every bounded function on E is known to be the restriction of a Fourier-Stieltjes transform of a discrete measure. (Such sets are called I₀.) We show that for every infinite set E there exists a weak 1-Kronecker subset F, of the same cardinality as E, provided there are not “too many”...

Exact Kronecker constants of Hadamard sets

Kathryn E. HareL. Thomas Ramsey — 2013

Colloquium Mathematicae

A set S of integers is called ε-Kronecker if every function on S of modulus one can be approximated uniformly to within ε by a character. The least such ε is called the ε-Kronecker constant, κ(S). The angular Kronecker constant is the unique real number α(S) ∈ [0,1/2] such that κ(S) = |exp(2πiα(S)) - 1|. We show that for integers m > 1 and d ≥ 1, α 1 , m , . . . , m d - 1 = ( m d - 1 - 1 ) / ( 2 ( m d - 1 ) ) and α1,m,m²,... = 1/(2m).

Characterizing Sidon sets by interpolation properties of subsets

Colin C. GrahamKathryn E. Hare — 2008

Colloquium Mathematicae

Pisier's characterization of Sidon sets as containing proportional-sized quasi-independent subsets is given a sharper form for groups with only a finite number of elements having orders a power of 2. No such improvement is possible for a general Sidon subset of a group having an infinite number of elements of order 2. The method used also gives several sharper forms of Ramsey's characterization of Sidon sets as containing proportional-sized I₀-subsets in a uniform way, again in groups containing...

ε-Kronecker and I₀ sets in abelian groups, III: interpolation by measures on small sets

Colin C. GrahamKathryn E. Hare — 2005

Studia Mathematica

Let U be an open subset of a locally compact abelian group G and let E be a subset of its dual group Γ. We say E is I₀(U) if every bounded sequence indexed by E can be interpolated by the Fourier transform of a discrete measure supported on U. We show that if E·Δ is I₀ for all finite subsets Δ of a torsion-free Γ, then for each open U ⊂ G there exists a finite set F ⊂ E such that E∖F is I₀(U). When G is connected, F can be taken to be empty. We obtain a much stronger form of that for Hadamard sets...

Energy of measures on compact Riemannian manifolds

Kathryn E. HareMaria Roginskaya — 2003

Studia Mathematica

We investigate the energy of measures (both positive and signed) on compact Riemannian manifolds. A formula is given relating the energy integral of a positive measure with the projections of the measure onto the eigenspaces of the Laplacian. This formula is analogous to the classical formula comparing the energy of a measure in Euclidean space with a weighted L² norm of its Fourier transform. We show that the boundedness of a modified energy integral for signed measures gives bounds on the Hausdorff...

ε-Kronecker and I₀ sets in abelian groups, IV: interpolation by non-negative measures

Colin C. GrahamKathryn E. Hare — 2006

Studia Mathematica

A subset E of a discrete abelian group is a "Fatou-Zygmund interpolation set" (FZI₀ set) if every bounded Hermitian function on E is the restriction of the Fourier-Stieltjes transform of a discrete, non-negative measure. We show that every infinite subset of a discrete abelian group contains an FZI₀ set of the same cardinality (if the group is torsion free, a stronger interpolation property holds) and that ε-Kronecker sets are FZI₀ (with that stronger interpolation property). ...

The singularity of orbital measures on compact Lie groups.

Kathryn E. HareWai Ling Yee — 2004

Revista Matemática Iberoamericana

We find the minimal real number k such that the kth power of the Fourier transform of any continuous, orbital measure on a classical, compact Lie group belongs to l2. This results from an investigation of the pointwise behaviour of characters on these groups. An application is given to the study of Lp-improving measures.

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