A survey of the basic results of loop characters is given on the lines of the treatment of the author and J.D.H. Smith for characters of quasigroups, including some recent deveploments. One of the successes of the theory has been its suggestive influence on the theory of association schemes, group representations and the theory of the group determinant, and selected results arising are described. A section is devoted to an explanation of how the tool of loop characters has not yet been as startlingly...

If $(G,\xb7)$ is a group, and the operation $(*)$ is defined by $x*y=x\xb7{y}^{-1}$ then by direct verification $(G,*)$ is a quasigroup which satisfies the identity $(x*y)*(z*y)=x*z$. Conversely, if one starts with a quasigroup satisfying the latter identity the group $(G,\xb7)$ can be constructed, so that in effect $(G,\xb7)$ is determined by its right division operation. Here the analogous situation is examined for a Moufang loop. Subtleties arise which are not present in the group case since there is a choice of defining identities and the identities produced by...

A natural loop structure is defined on the set ${U}_{4}$ of unimodular upper-triangular matrices over a given field. Inner mappings of the loop are computed. It is shown that the loop is non-associative and nilpotent, of class 3. A detailed listing of the loop conjugacy classes is presented. In particular, one of the loop conjugacy classes is shown to be properly contained in a superclass of the corresponding algebra group.

Each homogeneous space of a quasigroup affords a representation of the Bose-Mesner algebra of the association scheme given by the action of the multiplication group. The homogeneous space is said to be faithful if the corresponding representation of the Bose-Mesner algebra is faithful. In the group case, this definition agrees with the usual concept of faithfulness for transitive permutation representations. A permutation character is associated with each quasigroup permutation representation,...

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