### Gradient theory for plasticity via homogenization of discrete dislocations

We deduce a macroscopic strain gradient theory for plasticity from a model of discrete dislocations. We restrict our analysis to the case of a cylindrical symmetry for the crystal under study, so that the mathematical formulation will involve a two-dimensional variational problem. The dislocations are introduced as point topological defects of the strain fields, for which we compute the elastic energy stored outside the so-called core region. We show that the $\Gamma $-limit of this energy (suitably rescaled),...