### Rigid undirected graphs with given number of vertices

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Let D be a digraph with the vertex set V (D) and the arc set A(D). A subset N of V (D) is k-independent if for every pair of vertices u, v ∈ N, we have d(u, v), d(v, u) ≥ k; it is l-absorbent if for every u ∈ V (D) − N there exists v ∈ N such that d(u, v) ≤ l. A k-kernel of D is a k-independent and (k − 1)-absorbent subset of V (D). A 2-kernel is called a kernel. It is known that the problem of determining whether a digraph has a kernel (“the kernel problem”) is NP-complete, even in quite restricted...

In this paper we generalize classical 3-set theorem related to stable partitions of arbitrary mappings due to Erdős-de Bruijn, Katětov and Kasteleyn. We consider a structural generalization of this result to partitions preserving sets of inequalities and characterize all finite sets of such inequalities which can be preserved by a “small” coloring. These results are also related to graph homomorphisms and (oriented) colorings.

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