We estimate the speed of decay of correlations for general nonuniformly expanding dynamical systems, using estimates on the time the system takes to become really expanding. Our method can deal with fast decays, such as exponential or stretched exponential. We prove in particular that the correlations of the Alves-Viana map decay in $O\left({\mathrm{e}}^{-\mathrm{c}\sqrt{\mathrm{n}}}\right)$.

We extend a result of Doney [Probab. Theory Related Fields 107 (1997)] on renewal sequences with infinite mean to renewal sequences of operators. As a consequence, we get precise asymptotics for the transfer operator and for correlations in dynamical systems preserving an infinite measure (including intermittent maps with an arbitrarily neutral fixed point).

It is proved that the Green’s function of a symmetric finite range random walk on a co-compact Fuchsian group decays exponentially in distance at the radius of convergence $R$. It is also shown that Ancona’s inequalities extend to $R$, and therefore that the Martin boundary for $R$-potentials coincides with the natural geometric boundary ${S}^{1}$, and that the Martin kernel is uniformly Hölder continuous. Finally, this implies a local limit theorem for the transition probabilities: in the aperiodic case, ${p}^{n}(x,y)\sim {C}_{x,y}{R}^{-n}{n}^{-3/2}$.

We study the dynamics of the Teichmüller flow in the moduli space of abelian differentials (and more generally, its restriction to any connected component of a stratum). We show that the (Masur-Veech) absolutely continuous invariant probability measure is exponentially mixing for the class of Hölder observables. A geometric consequence is that the $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ action in the moduli space has a spectral gap.

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