In his book on convex polytopes [2] A. D. Aleksandrov raised a general question of finding variational formulations and solutions to geometric problems of existence of convex polytopes in ${\mathbb{R}}^{n+1}$, n ≥ 2, with prescribed geometric data. Examples of such problems for closed convex polytopes for which variational solutions are known are the celebrated Minkowski problem [2] and the Gauss curvature problem [20]. In this paper we give a simple variational proof of existence for the A. D. Aleksandrov problem...

In this paper, we
consider probability measures and on a -dimensional
sphere in ${\mathbf{R}}^{d+1},d\ge 1,$ and cost functions of the form
$c(\mathbf{x},\mathbf{y})=l\left(\frac{{|\mathbf{x}-\mathbf{y}|}^{2}}{2}\right)$
that generalize those arising in geometric optics where $l\left(t\right)=-logt.$
We prove that if and vanish on $(d-1)$-rectifiable sets,
if
${lim}_{t\to {0}^{+}}l\left(t\right)=+\infty ,$ and $g\left(t\right):=t(2-t){\left({l}^{\text{'}}\left(t\right)\right)}^{2}$ is monotone then there
exists a unique optimal map
that transports onto $\nu ,$ where
optimality is measured against Furthermore, ${inf}_{\mathbf{x}}|{T}_{o}\mathbf{x}-\mathbf{x}|>0.$ Our approach is based on direct variational arguments.
In the special case when
$l\left(t\right)=-logt,$ existence of optimal...

In this paper we consider a special class of convex hypersurfaces in Euclidean space which arise as weak solutions to some inverse problems of recovering reflectors from scattering data. For this class of hypersurfaces we study the notion of the focal function which, while sharing the important convexity property with the classical support function, has the advantage of being exactly the "right tool" for such inverse problems. We also discuss briefly the close analogy between one such inverse problem...

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