A variational model for equilibrium problems in a traffic network

Giandomenico Mastroeni; Massimo Pappalardo

RAIRO - Operations Research (2010)

  • Volume: 38, Issue: 1, page 3-12
  • ISSN: 0399-0559

Abstract

top
We propose a variational model for one of the most important problems in traffic networks, namely, the network equilibrium flow that is, traditionally in the context of operations research, characterized by minimum cost flow. This model has the peculiarity of being formulated by means of a suitable variational inequality (VI) and its solution is called “equilibrium”. This model becomes a minimum cost model when the cost function is separable or, more general, when the Jacobian of the cost operator is symmetric; in such cases a functional representing the total network utility exists. In fact in these cases we can write the first order optimality conditions which turn out to be a VI. In the other situations (i.e., when global utility functional does not exist), which occur much more often in the real problems, we can study the network by looking for equilibrium solutions instead of minimum points. The Lagrangean approach to the study of the VI allows us to introduce dual variables, associated to the constraints of the feasible set, which may receive interesting interpretations in terms of potentials associated to the arcs and the nodes of the network. This interpretation is an extension and generalization of the classic Bellman conditions. Finally, we deepen the analysis of the networks having capacity constraints.


How to cite

top

Mastroeni, Giandomenico, and Pappalardo, Massimo. " A variational model for equilibrium problems in a traffic network." RAIRO - Operations Research 38.1 (2010): 3-12. <http://eudml.org/doc/105302>.

@article{Mastroeni2010,
abstract = { We propose a variational model for one of the most important problems in traffic networks, namely, the network equilibrium flow that is, traditionally in the context of operations research, characterized by minimum cost flow. This model has the peculiarity of being formulated by means of a suitable variational inequality (VI) and its solution is called “equilibrium”. This model becomes a minimum cost model when the cost function is separable or, more general, when the Jacobian of the cost operator is symmetric; in such cases a functional representing the total network utility exists. In fact in these cases we can write the first order optimality conditions which turn out to be a VI. In the other situations (i.e., when global utility functional does not exist), which occur much more often in the real problems, we can study the network by looking for equilibrium solutions instead of minimum points. The Lagrangean approach to the study of the VI allows us to introduce dual variables, associated to the constraints of the feasible set, which may receive interesting interpretations in terms of potentials associated to the arcs and the nodes of the network. This interpretation is an extension and generalization of the classic Bellman conditions. Finally, we deepen the analysis of the networks having capacity constraints.
},
author = {Mastroeni, Giandomenico, Pappalardo, Massimo},
journal = {RAIRO - Operations Research},
keywords = {Network flows; variational inequalities; equilibrium problems; traffic problems; transportation problems.; network flows; equilibrium problems; transportation problems},
language = {eng},
month = {3},
number = {1},
pages = {3-12},
publisher = {EDP Sciences},
title = { A variational model for equilibrium problems in a traffic network},
url = {http://eudml.org/doc/105302},
volume = {38},
year = {2010},
}

TY - JOUR
AU - Mastroeni, Giandomenico
AU - Pappalardo, Massimo
TI - A variational model for equilibrium problems in a traffic network
JO - RAIRO - Operations Research
DA - 2010/3//
PB - EDP Sciences
VL - 38
IS - 1
SP - 3
EP - 12
AB - We propose a variational model for one of the most important problems in traffic networks, namely, the network equilibrium flow that is, traditionally in the context of operations research, characterized by minimum cost flow. This model has the peculiarity of being formulated by means of a suitable variational inequality (VI) and its solution is called “equilibrium”. This model becomes a minimum cost model when the cost function is separable or, more general, when the Jacobian of the cost operator is symmetric; in such cases a functional representing the total network utility exists. In fact in these cases we can write the first order optimality conditions which turn out to be a VI. In the other situations (i.e., when global utility functional does not exist), which occur much more often in the real problems, we can study the network by looking for equilibrium solutions instead of minimum points. The Lagrangean approach to the study of the VI allows us to introduce dual variables, associated to the constraints of the feasible set, which may receive interesting interpretations in terms of potentials associated to the arcs and the nodes of the network. This interpretation is an extension and generalization of the classic Bellman conditions. Finally, we deepen the analysis of the networks having capacity constraints.

LA - eng
KW - Network flows; variational inequalities; equilibrium problems; traffic problems; transportation problems.; network flows; equilibrium problems; transportation problems
UR - http://eudml.org/doc/105302
ER -

References

top
  1. M. Castellani, J.M. Jama and G. Mastroeni, Duality relations for variational inequalities with applications to Network Flows. Rend. Circ. Mat. Palermo48 (1997) 39-55.  Zbl0887.49006
  2. S. Dafermos, Traffic equilibria and variational inequalities. Math. Program.26 (1980) 40-47.  Zbl0506.65026
  3. P. Ferrari, Capacity Constraints in Urban Transport Networks. Transpn. Res. B31 (1997) 291-301.  
  4. P.T. Harker and J.S. Pang, Finite–Dimensional variational inequalities and nonlinear complementarity problem: a survey of theory, algorithms and applications. Math. Program.48 (1990) 161-220.  
  5. T. Larsson and M. Patriksson, On side constrained models for traffic equilibria, in Variational Inequalities and Network Equilibrium Problems, edited by F. Giannessi and A. Maugeri. Plenum Publishing, New York (1995) 169-179.  Zbl0849.90115
  6. A. Maugeri, W. Oettli and D. Sclager, A flexible form of Wardrop principle for traffic equilibria with side constraints. Rendiconti del Circolo Matematico di Palermo48 (1997) 185-193.  Zbl0893.90056
  7. M. Pappalardo and M. Passacantando, Equilibrium concepts in transportation networks: generalized Wardrop conditions and variational formulations, to appear in Equilibrium problems: nonsmooth optimization and variational inequality models, edited by P. Daniele, A. Maugeri and F. Giannessi. Kluwer, Dordrecht (2003).  Zbl1129.90304
  8. M. Patriksson, Nonlinear Programming and Variational Inequality Problems. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht (1999).  Zbl0913.65058
  9. R.T. Rockafellar, Monotone relations and network equilibrium, in Variational Inequalities and Network Equilibrium Problems, edited by F. Giannessi and A. Maugeri. Plenum Publishing, New York (1995) 271-288.  Zbl0847.49012

NotesEmbed ?

top

You must be logged in to post comments.

To embed these notes on your page include the following JavaScript code on your page where you want the notes to appear.

Only the controls for the widget will be shown in your chosen language. Notes will be shown in their authored language.

Tells the widget how many notes to show per page. You can cycle through additional notes using the next and previous controls.

    
                

Note: Best practice suggests putting the JavaScript code just before the closing </body> tag.