The origin and nature of time

Dudley Shapere

Philosophia Scientiae (1996)

  • Volume: 1, Issue: S1, page 197-220
  • ISSN: 1281-2463

How to cite


Shapere, Dudley. "The origin and nature of time." Philosophia Scientiae 1.S1 (1996): 197-220. <>.

author = {Shapere, Dudley},
journal = {Philosophia Scientiae},
language = {eng},
number = {S1},
pages = {197-220},
publisher = {Éditions Kimé},
title = {The origin and nature of time},
url = {},
volume = {1},
year = {1996},

AU - Shapere, Dudley
TI - The origin and nature of time
JO - Philosophia Scientiae
PY - 1996
PB - Éditions Kimé
VL - 1
IS - S1
SP - 197
EP - 220
LA - eng
UR -
ER -


  1. Agazzi, E. / Cordero, A. (eds.) 1991Philosophy and the Origin of the Universe. (Dordrecht : Reidel). 
  2. Appelquist, T. / Chodos, A. / Freund, P.G.O. (eds.) 1987Modern Kaluza-Klein Theories. (Reading Mass. : Addison-Wesley). Zbl0984.83501
  3. Ashtekar, A.1991Introduction : The Winding Road to Quantum Gravity, in Ashtekar, A. and Stachel, J. (eds), Conceptual Problems of Quantum Gravity. (Boston : Birkhäuser), 1-9. 
  4. _ / Stachel, J. (eds) 1991Conceptual Problems of Quantum Gravity. (Boston : Birkhäuser). 
  5. Brandenberger, R. / Vafa, C.1989Superstrings in the Early Universe, Nuclear Physics B316, 391. 
  6. Capek, M.1961The Philosophical Impact of Contemporary Physics. (New York : Van Nostrand). Zbl0117.25201
  7. Davies, P.1977The Physics of Time Asymmetry. (Berkeley : University of California Press). 
  8. DeWitt, B. S.1983Quantum Gravity, Scientific American 249, 6, 112-129. 
  9. Drell, P. / Rubin, D. (eds.) 1994AIP Conference Proceedings 302 : Lepton and Photon Interactions. (New York: AIP Press), 742-757 (Cornell Lepton-Photon conference, Ithaca, N.Y., Auguste 1993). 
  10. Earman, J.1989World Enough and Space-Time. (Cambridge : MIT Press). 
  11. Friedman, M.1983Foundations of Space-Time Theories. (Princeton : Princeton University Press). 
  12. Geroch, R. / Horowitz, G. T.1979Global Structure of Spacetimes, in Hawking, S.W. and Israel, W. (eds.), General Relativity. (Cambridge : Cambridge University Press), 212-293. 
  13. Gibbons, G. W. / Hawking, S. W. (eds.) 1993Euclidean Quantum Gravity. (Singapore : World Scientific). Zbl0874.53056
  14. Gold, T. (ed.) 1967The Nature of Time. (Ithaca : Cornell University Press). Zbl0259.68032
  15. Grant, E.1981Much Ado About Nothing : Theories of Space and Vacuum from the Middle Ages to the Scientific Revolution. (Cambridge : Cambridge University Press). 
  16. Gross, D. J.1994Theory Summary and Future Directions, in Drell, P. and Rubin, D.(eds.), AIP Conférence Proceedings 302 : Lepton and Photon Interactions. (New York : AIP Press), 742-757. 
  17. _ / Wilczek, F. A.1973Ultraviolet Behavior of Non-Abelian Gauge Theories, Physical Review Letters 30,1343-1346. 
  18. Hartle, J. B. / Hawking, S. W.1983Wave Function of the Universe, Physical Review D28, 2960-2975. 
  19. Havelock, E.1983The Linguistic Task of the Presocratics, in Robb K. (Ed.), Language and Thought in Early Greek Philosophy. (La Salle, 111. : Monist Library of Philosophy), 7-82. 
  20. Hawking, S. W.1984The Quantum State of the Universe, Nuclear Physics, B239, 257-276. Reprinted in Gibbons, G. W. and Hawking, S. W. (eds.), Euclidean Quantum Gravity. (Singapore : World Scientific, 1993), 326-345. 
  21. Hawking, S. W.1987Quantum Cosmology, in Hawking, S. W. and Israel, W. (eds.), Three Hundred Years of Gravitation. (Cambridge Mass. : Cambridge University Press), 631-651. Zbl0966.83519
  22. Hawking, S. W.1993Hawking on The Big Bang and Black Holes. (Singapore : World Scientific). Zbl0948.53500
  23. _ / Israel, W. (eds.) 1979General Relativity. (Cambridge Mass. : Cambridge University Press). 
  24. _ / Israel, W. (eds.) 1987Three Hundred Years of Gravitation. (Cambridge Mass. : Cambridge University Press). Zbl0645.53043
  25. _ / Penrose, R.1970The Singularities of Gravitational Collapse and Cosmology, Proceedings of the Royal Society, A314, 529. Reprinted in Hawking, Hawking on The Big Bang and Black Holes. (Singapore : World Scientific), 1993, 7-26. Zbl0954.83012
  26. Heisenberg, W.1958The Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics, Physics and Philosophy. (New York : Harper), 128-146. 
  27. Horowitz, G.1991String Theory Without Space-Time, in Ashtekar A. and Stachel J. (éds)., Conceptual Problems of Quantum Gravity. (Boston : Birkhäuser), 299-325. Zbl0850.83048
  28. Isham, C.1989Quantum Gravity, in Davies, P. (ed.), The New Physics. (Cambridge : Cambridge University Press), 70-93. 
  29. Kawai, H. / Lewellen, D. C. / Tye, S. H.1987Construction of Fermionic String Models in Four Dimensions », Nuclear Physics D288,1. 
  30. Klein, M. J.1967Thermodynamics in Einstein's Thought, Science 157, 509-516. 
  31. Kolb, E. W. / Turner, M. S.1990The Early Universe. (New York : Addison-Wesley). Zbl0984.83503
  32. Lifshitz, E. M. / Khalatnikov, I. M.1963Investigations in Relativistic Cosmology, Advances in Physics 12, 185. Zbl0112.44306
  33. Mehlberg, H.1980Essay on the Causal Theory of Time, in Mehlberg, H., Time, Causality, and the Quantum Theory. (Dordrecht : Reidel), Vol. 1. 
  34. Meyerson, E.1962Identity and Reality. (New York : Dover). Zbl56.0830.03
  35. Ong, W.1982Orality and Literacy. (New York : Methuen). 
  36. Penrose, R. / Isham, C. (eds.) 1986Quantum Concepts in Space and Time. (Oxford : Clarendon). Zbl0604.00014
  37. Poincaré, H.1895Analysis Situs, Journal de l'Ecole Polytechnique (2), 1, 1-122. Zbl26.0541.07JFM26.0541.07
  38. Politzer, H. D.1973Reliable Perturbative Results for Strong Interactions, Physical Review Letters 30,1346-1349. 
  39. Robb, K. (ed.) 1983Language and Thought in Early Greek Philosophy. (La Salle, III. : Monist Library of Philosophy). 
  40. Rovelli, C.1991Is There Incompatibility Between the Ways Time is Treated in General Relativity and in Standard Quantum Mechanics? in Ashtekar, A. and Stachel, J. (eds)., Conceptual Problems of Quantum Gravity. (Boston : Birkhäuser), 126-140. 
  41. Saunders, S. / Brown, H. R. (eds.) 1991The Philosophy of Vacuum. (Oxford : Clarendon). 
  42. Shapere, D.1982The Concept of Observation in Science and Philosophy, Philosophy of Science 49 (1982), 485-525. 
  43. Shapere, D.1990The Origin and Nature of Metaphysics, Philosophical Topics, vol. 18,163-174. 
  44. Shapere, D.1991The Universe of Modern Science and Its Philosophical Exploration, in Agazzi, E., and Cordero, A. (eds.), Philosophy and the Origin of the Universe. (Dordrecht : Reidel), 87-202. 
  45. Sklar, L.1974Space, Time, and Spacetime. (Berkeley : University of California Press). 
  46. Smolin, L.1991Space and Time in the Quantum Universe, in Ashtekar, A. and Stachel, J. (eds). Conceptual Problems of Quantum Gravity. (Boston : Birkhäuser), 228-291. Zbl0850.81002
  47. Sorabji, R1983Time, Creation and the Continuum. (Ithaca : Cornell University Press). 
  48. Wald, R.1984General Relativity. (Chicago : University of Chicago Press). Zbl0549.53001
  49. Weinberg, S.1989The Cosmological Constant Problem, Reviews of Modem Physics 61, 1-23. Zbl1129.83361
  50. Weingard, R.1991Making Everything Out of Nothing, in Saunders, S., and Brown, H. R. (eds.), The Philosophy of Vacuum. (Oxford : Clarendon), 197-216. 
  51. Whitrow, G. J.1980The Natural Philosophy of Time. (Oxford : Clarendon). Zbl0106.37207
  52. Wilczek, F. A.1994Status of QED, AIP Conference Proceedings 302 : Lepton and Photon Interactions. (New York : AIP Press), 593-633. 
  53. Zeh, H. D.1989The Physical Basis of The Direction of Time. (New York : Springer Verlag). Zbl0770.00002

NotesEmbed ?


You must be logged in to post comments.

To embed these notes on your page include the following JavaScript code on your page where you want the notes to appear.

Only the controls for the widget will be shown in your chosen language. Notes will be shown in their authored language.

Tells the widget how many notes to show per page. You can cycle through additional notes using the next and previous controls.


Note: Best practice suggests putting the JavaScript code just before the closing </body> tag.