# Sums of Powered Characteristic Roots Count Distance-Independent Circular Sets

Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory (2013)

- Volume: 33, Issue: 1, page 217-229
- ISSN: 2083-5892

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topZdzisław Skupień. "Sums of Powered Characteristic Roots Count Distance-Independent Circular Sets." Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory 33.1 (2013): 217-229. <http://eudml.org/doc/268282>.

@article{ZdzisławSkupień2013,

abstract = {Significant values of a combinatorial count need not fit the recurrence for the count. Consequently, initial values of the count can much outnumber those for the recurrence. So is the case of the count, Gl(n), of distance-l independent sets on the cycle Cn, studied by Comtet for l ≥ 0 and n ≥ 1 [sic]. We prove that values of Gl(n) are nth power sums of the characteristic roots of the corresponding recurrence unless 2 ≤ n ≤ l. Lucas numbers L(n) are thus generalized since L(n) is the count in question if l = 1. Asymptotics of the count for 1 ≤ l ≤ 4 involves the golden ratio (if l = 1) and three of the four smallest Pisot numbers inclusive of the smallest of them, plastic number, if l = 4. It is shown that the transition from a recurrence to an OGF, or back, is best presented in terms of mutually reciprocal (shortly: coreciprocal) polynomials. Also the power sums of roots (i.e., moments) of a polynomial have the OGF expressed in terms of the co-reciprocal polynomial.},

author = {Zdzisław Skupień},

journal = {Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory},

keywords = {distance independent set; Lucas numbers; Pisot numbers; power sums; generating functions; (co-) reciprocal polynomials; co-reciprocal polynomials},

language = {eng},

number = {1},

pages = {217-229},

title = {Sums of Powered Characteristic Roots Count Distance-Independent Circular Sets},

url = {http://eudml.org/doc/268282},

volume = {33},

year = {2013},

}

TY - JOUR

AU - Zdzisław Skupień

TI - Sums of Powered Characteristic Roots Count Distance-Independent Circular Sets

JO - Discussiones Mathematicae Graph Theory

PY - 2013

VL - 33

IS - 1

SP - 217

EP - 229

AB - Significant values of a combinatorial count need not fit the recurrence for the count. Consequently, initial values of the count can much outnumber those for the recurrence. So is the case of the count, Gl(n), of distance-l independent sets on the cycle Cn, studied by Comtet for l ≥ 0 and n ≥ 1 [sic]. We prove that values of Gl(n) are nth power sums of the characteristic roots of the corresponding recurrence unless 2 ≤ n ≤ l. Lucas numbers L(n) are thus generalized since L(n) is the count in question if l = 1. Asymptotics of the count for 1 ≤ l ≤ 4 involves the golden ratio (if l = 1) and three of the four smallest Pisot numbers inclusive of the smallest of them, plastic number, if l = 4. It is shown that the transition from a recurrence to an OGF, or back, is best presented in terms of mutually reciprocal (shortly: coreciprocal) polynomials. Also the power sums of roots (i.e., moments) of a polynomial have the OGF expressed in terms of the co-reciprocal polynomial.

LA - eng

KW - distance independent set; Lucas numbers; Pisot numbers; power sums; generating functions; (co-) reciprocal polynomials; co-reciprocal polynomials

UR - http://eudml.org/doc/268282

ER -

## References

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