# Analysis of a near-metric TSP approximation algorithm

RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications - Informatique Théorique et Applications (2013)

- Volume: 47, Issue: 3, page 293-314
- ISSN: 0988-3754

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topKrug, Sacha. "Analysis of a near-metric TSP approximation algorithm." RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications - Informatique Théorique et Applications 47.3 (2013): 293-314. <http://eudml.org/doc/273084>.

@article{Krug2013,

abstract = {The traveling salesman problem (TSP) is one of the most fundamental optimization problems. We consider the β-metric traveling salesman problem (Δβ-TSP), i.e., the TSP restricted to graphs satisfying the β-triangle inequality c(\{v,w\}) ≤ β(c(\{v,u\}) + c(\{u,w\})), for some cost function c and any three vertices u,v,w. The well-known path matching Christofides algorithm (PMCA) guarantees an approximation ratio of 3β2/2 and is the best known algorithm for the Δβ-TSP, for 1 ≤ β ≤ 2. We provide a complete analysis of the algorithm. First, we correct an error in the original implementation that may produce an invalid solution. Using a worst-case example, we then show that the algorithm cannot guarantee a better approximation ratio. The example can also be used for the PMCA variants for the Hamiltonian path problem with zero and one prespecified endpoints. For two prespecified endpoints, we cannot reuse the example, but we construct another worst-case example to show the optimality of the analysis also in this case.},

author = {Krug, Sacha},

journal = {RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications - Informatique Théorique et Applications},

keywords = {traveling salesman problem; combinatorial optimization; approximation algorithms; graph theory},

language = {eng},

number = {3},

pages = {293-314},

publisher = {EDP-Sciences},

title = {Analysis of a near-metric TSP approximation algorithm},

url = {http://eudml.org/doc/273084},

volume = {47},

year = {2013},

}

TY - JOUR

AU - Krug, Sacha

TI - Analysis of a near-metric TSP approximation algorithm

JO - RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications - Informatique Théorique et Applications

PY - 2013

PB - EDP-Sciences

VL - 47

IS - 3

SP - 293

EP - 314

AB - The traveling salesman problem (TSP) is one of the most fundamental optimization problems. We consider the β-metric traveling salesman problem (Δβ-TSP), i.e., the TSP restricted to graphs satisfying the β-triangle inequality c({v,w}) ≤ β(c({v,u}) + c({u,w})), for some cost function c and any three vertices u,v,w. The well-known path matching Christofides algorithm (PMCA) guarantees an approximation ratio of 3β2/2 and is the best known algorithm for the Δβ-TSP, for 1 ≤ β ≤ 2. We provide a complete analysis of the algorithm. First, we correct an error in the original implementation that may produce an invalid solution. Using a worst-case example, we then show that the algorithm cannot guarantee a better approximation ratio. The example can also be used for the PMCA variants for the Hamiltonian path problem with zero and one prespecified endpoints. For two prespecified endpoints, we cannot reuse the example, but we construct another worst-case example to show the optimality of the analysis also in this case.

LA - eng

KW - traveling salesman problem; combinatorial optimization; approximation algorithms; graph theory

UR - http://eudml.org/doc/273084

ER -

## References

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- [10] E.G. Goodaire and M.M. Parmenter, Discrete Mathematics with Graph Theory. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River (2005). Zbl0946.05001
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