# Fewest repetitions in infinite binary words

• Volume: 46, Issue: 1, page 17-31
• ISSN: 0988-3754

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## Abstract

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A square is the concatenation of a nonempty word with itself. A word has period p if its letters at distance p match. The exponent of a nonempty word is the quotient of its length over its smallest period. In this article we give a proof of the fact that there exists an infinite binary word which contains finitely many squares and simultaneously avoids words of exponent larger than 7/3. Our infinite word contains 12 squares, which is the smallest possible number of squares to get the property, and 2 factors of exponent 7/3. These are the only factors of exponent larger than 2. The value 7/3 introduces what we call the finite-repetition threshold of the binary alphabet. We conjecture it is 7/4 for the ternary alphabet, like its repetitive threshold.

## How to cite

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Badkobeh, Golnaz, and Crochemore, Maxime. "Fewest repetitions in infinite binary words." RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications 46.1 (2012): 17-31. <http://eudml.org/doc/277832>.

abstract = {A square is the concatenation of a nonempty word with itself. A word has period p if its letters at distance p match. The exponent of a nonempty word is the quotient of its length over its smallest period. In this article we give a proof of the fact that there exists an infinite binary word which contains finitely many squares and simultaneously avoids words of exponent larger than 7/3. Our infinite word contains 12 squares, which is the smallest possible number of squares to get the property, and 2 factors of exponent 7/3. These are the only factors of exponent larger than 2. The value 7/3 introduces what we call the finite-repetition threshold of the binary alphabet. We conjecture it is 7/4 for the ternary alphabet, like its repetitive threshold. },
author = {Badkobeh, Golnaz, Crochemore, Maxime},
journal = {RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications},
keywords = {Combinatorics on words; repetitions; word morphisms; combinatorics on words},
language = {eng},
month = {3},
number = {1},
pages = {17-31},
publisher = {EDP Sciences},
title = {Fewest repetitions in infinite binary words},
url = {http://eudml.org/doc/277832},
volume = {46},
year = {2012},
}

TY - JOUR
AU - Crochemore, Maxime
TI - Fewest repetitions in infinite binary words
JO - RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications
DA - 2012/3//
PB - EDP Sciences
VL - 46
IS - 1
SP - 17
EP - 31
AB - A square is the concatenation of a nonempty word with itself. A word has period p if its letters at distance p match. The exponent of a nonempty word is the quotient of its length over its smallest period. In this article we give a proof of the fact that there exists an infinite binary word which contains finitely many squares and simultaneously avoids words of exponent larger than 7/3. Our infinite word contains 12 squares, which is the smallest possible number of squares to get the property, and 2 factors of exponent 7/3. These are the only factors of exponent larger than 2. The value 7/3 introduces what we call the finite-repetition threshold of the binary alphabet. We conjecture it is 7/4 for the ternary alphabet, like its repetitive threshold.
LA - eng
KW - Combinatorics on words; repetitions; word morphisms; combinatorics on words
UR - http://eudml.org/doc/277832
ER -

## References

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1. G. Badkobeh and M. Crochemore, An infinite binary word containing only three distinct squares (2010) Submitted.
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7. M. Lothaire Ed., Combinatorics on Words. Cambridge University Press, 2nd edition (1997).
8. N. Rampersad, J. Shallit and M. Wei Wang, Avoiding large squares in infinite binary words. Theoret. Comput. Sci.339 (2005) 19–34.
9. M. Rao, Last cases of Dejean’s conjecture. Theor. Comput. Sci.412 (2011) 3010–3018.
10. J. Shallit, Simultaneous avoidance of large squares and fractional powers in infinite binary words. Int. J. Found. Comput. Sci.15 (2004) 317–327.
11. A. Thue, Über unendliche Zeichenreihen. Norske Vid. Selsk. Skr. I. Mat. Nat. Kl. Christiana7 (1906) 1–22.

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