# Weak multiplier Hopf algebras. Preliminaries, motivation and basic examples

Alfons Van Daele; Shuanhong Wang

Banach Center Publications (2012)

- Volume: 98, Issue: 1, page 367-415
- ISSN: 0137-6934

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topAlfons Van Daele, and Shuanhong Wang. "Weak multiplier Hopf algebras. Preliminaries, motivation and basic examples." Banach Center Publications 98.1 (2012): 367-415. <http://eudml.org/doc/281686>.

@article{AlfonsVanDaele2012,

abstract = {
Let G be a finite group. Consider the algebra A of all complex functions on G (with pointwise product). Define a coproduct Δ on A by Δ(f)(p,q) = f(pq) where f ∈ A and p,q ∈ G. Then (A,Δ) is a Hopf algebra. If G is only a groupoid, so that the product of two elements is not always defined, one still can consider A and define Δ(f)(p,q) as above when pq is defined. If we let Δ(f)(p,q) = 0 otherwise, we still get a coproduct on A, but Δ(1) will no longer be the identity in A ⊗ A. The pair (A,Δ) is not a Hopf algebra but a weak Hopf algebra. If G is a group, but no longer finite, one takes for A the algebra of functions with finite support. Then A has no identity and (A,Δ) is not a Hopf algebra but a multiplier Hopf algebra. Finally, if G is a groupoid, but not necessarily finite, the standard construction above will give what we call in this paper a weak multiplier Hopf algebra.
Indeed, this paper is devoted to the development of this 'missing link': weak multiplier Hopf algebras. We denote a great part of this paper to the motivation of our notion and to explaining where the various assumptions come from. The goal is to obtain a good definition of a weak multiplier Hopf algebra. Throughout the paper, we consider the basic examples and use them, as far as possible, to illustrate what we do. In particular, we think of the finite-dimensional weak Hopf algebras. On the other hand however, we are also inspired by the far more complicated existing analytical theory.
In our forthcoming papers on the subject, we develop the theory further. In [VD-W2] we start from the definition of a weak multiplier Hopf algebra as it is obtained and motivated in this paper and we prove the main properties. In [VD-W3] we continue with the study of the source and target algebras and the corresponding source and target maps. In that paper, we also give more examples. Finally, in [VD-W4] we study integrals on weak multiplier Hopf algebras and duality. Other aspects of the theory will be considered later.
},

author = {Alfons Van Daele, Shuanhong Wang},

journal = {Banach Center Publications},

keywords = {weak Hopf algebras; weak multiplier Hopf algebras; coproducts; quantum groupoids},

language = {eng},

number = {1},

pages = {367-415},

title = {Weak multiplier Hopf algebras. Preliminaries, motivation and basic examples},

url = {http://eudml.org/doc/281686},

volume = {98},

year = {2012},

}

TY - JOUR

AU - Alfons Van Daele

AU - Shuanhong Wang

TI - Weak multiplier Hopf algebras. Preliminaries, motivation and basic examples

JO - Banach Center Publications

PY - 2012

VL - 98

IS - 1

SP - 367

EP - 415

AB -
Let G be a finite group. Consider the algebra A of all complex functions on G (with pointwise product). Define a coproduct Δ on A by Δ(f)(p,q) = f(pq) where f ∈ A and p,q ∈ G. Then (A,Δ) is a Hopf algebra. If G is only a groupoid, so that the product of two elements is not always defined, one still can consider A and define Δ(f)(p,q) as above when pq is defined. If we let Δ(f)(p,q) = 0 otherwise, we still get a coproduct on A, but Δ(1) will no longer be the identity in A ⊗ A. The pair (A,Δ) is not a Hopf algebra but a weak Hopf algebra. If G is a group, but no longer finite, one takes for A the algebra of functions with finite support. Then A has no identity and (A,Δ) is not a Hopf algebra but a multiplier Hopf algebra. Finally, if G is a groupoid, but not necessarily finite, the standard construction above will give what we call in this paper a weak multiplier Hopf algebra.
Indeed, this paper is devoted to the development of this 'missing link': weak multiplier Hopf algebras. We denote a great part of this paper to the motivation of our notion and to explaining where the various assumptions come from. The goal is to obtain a good definition of a weak multiplier Hopf algebra. Throughout the paper, we consider the basic examples and use them, as far as possible, to illustrate what we do. In particular, we think of the finite-dimensional weak Hopf algebras. On the other hand however, we are also inspired by the far more complicated existing analytical theory.
In our forthcoming papers on the subject, we develop the theory further. In [VD-W2] we start from the definition of a weak multiplier Hopf algebra as it is obtained and motivated in this paper and we prove the main properties. In [VD-W3] we continue with the study of the source and target algebras and the corresponding source and target maps. In that paper, we also give more examples. Finally, in [VD-W4] we study integrals on weak multiplier Hopf algebras and duality. Other aspects of the theory will be considered later.

LA - eng

KW - weak Hopf algebras; weak multiplier Hopf algebras; coproducts; quantum groupoids

UR - http://eudml.org/doc/281686

ER -

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