# Nonlinear diffusion equations with variable coefficients as gradient flows in Wasserstein spaces

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations (2008)

- Volume: 15, Issue: 3, page 712-740
- ISSN: 1292-8119

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topLisini, Stefano. "Nonlinear diffusion equations with variable coefficients as gradient flows in Wasserstein spaces." ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations 15.3 (2008): 712-740. <http://eudml.org/doc/90933>.

@article{Lisini2008,

abstract = {
We study existence and approximation of non-negative solutions of partial differential equations of the type
$$\partial\_t u - \div (A(\nabla (f(u))+u\nabla V )) = 0 \qquad \mbox\{in \} (0,+\infty )\times \mathbb\{R\}^n,\qquad\qquad (0.1)$$
where A is a symmetric matrix-valued function of the spatial variable satisfying a uniform ellipticity condition,
$f:[0,+\infty) \rightarrow[0,+\infty)$ is a suitable non decreasing function, $V:\mathbb\{R\}^n \rightarrow\mathbb\{R\}$ is a convex function.
Introducing the energy functional $\phi(u)=\int_\{\mathbb\{R\}^n\} F(u(x))\,\{\rm d\}x+\int_\{\mathbb\{R\}^n\}V(x)u(x)\,\{\rm d\}x$,
where F is a convex function linked to f by $f(u) = uF'(u)-F(u)$,
we show that u is the “gradient flow” of ϕ with respect to the
2-Wasserstein distance between probability measures on
the space $\mathbb\{R\}^n$, endowed with the Riemannian distance induced by $A^\{-1\}.$
In the case of uniform convexity of V, long time asymptotic behaviour and decay rate to the stationary state
for solutions of equation (0.1) are studied.
A contraction property in Wasserstein distance for solutions of equation (0.1)
is also studied in a particular case.
},

author = {Lisini, Stefano},

journal = {ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations},

keywords = {Nonlinear diffusion equations; parabolic equations; variable coefficient parabolic equations; gradient flows;
Wasserstein distance; asymptotic behaviour; nonlinear diffusion equations; Wasserstein distance; asymptotic behavior},

language = {eng},

month = {7},

number = {3},

pages = {712-740},

publisher = {EDP Sciences},

title = {Nonlinear diffusion equations with variable coefficients as gradient flows in Wasserstein spaces},

url = {http://eudml.org/doc/90933},

volume = {15},

year = {2008},

}

TY - JOUR

AU - Lisini, Stefano

TI - Nonlinear diffusion equations with variable coefficients as gradient flows in Wasserstein spaces

JO - ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

DA - 2008/7//

PB - EDP Sciences

VL - 15

IS - 3

SP - 712

EP - 740

AB -
We study existence and approximation of non-negative solutions of partial differential equations of the type
$$\partial_t u - \div (A(\nabla (f(u))+u\nabla V )) = 0 \qquad \mbox{in } (0,+\infty )\times \mathbb{R}^n,\qquad\qquad (0.1)$$
where A is a symmetric matrix-valued function of the spatial variable satisfying a uniform ellipticity condition,
$f:[0,+\infty) \rightarrow[0,+\infty)$ is a suitable non decreasing function, $V:\mathbb{R}^n \rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ is a convex function.
Introducing the energy functional $\phi(u)=\int_{\mathbb{R}^n} F(u(x))\,{\rm d}x+\int_{\mathbb{R}^n}V(x)u(x)\,{\rm d}x$,
where F is a convex function linked to f by $f(u) = uF'(u)-F(u)$,
we show that u is the “gradient flow” of ϕ with respect to the
2-Wasserstein distance between probability measures on
the space $\mathbb{R}^n$, endowed with the Riemannian distance induced by $A^{-1}.$
In the case of uniform convexity of V, long time asymptotic behaviour and decay rate to the stationary state
for solutions of equation (0.1) are studied.
A contraction property in Wasserstein distance for solutions of equation (0.1)
is also studied in a particular case.

LA - eng

KW - Nonlinear diffusion equations; parabolic equations; variable coefficient parabolic equations; gradient flows;
Wasserstein distance; asymptotic behaviour; nonlinear diffusion equations; Wasserstein distance; asymptotic behavior

UR - http://eudml.org/doc/90933

ER -

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