Autour de nouvelles notions pour l'analyse des algorithmes d'approximation : de la structure de NPO à la structure des instances

Marc Demange; Vangelis Paschos

RAIRO - Operations Research (2010)

  • Volume: 36, Issue: 4, page 311-350
  • ISSN: 0399-0559

Abstract

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This paper is the continuation of the paper “Autour de nouvelles notions pour l'analyse des algorithmes d'approximation: Formalisme unifié et classes d'approximation” where a new formalism for polynomial approximation and its basic tools allowing an “absolute” (individual) evaluation the approximability properties of NP-hard problems have been presented and discussed. In order to be used for exhibiting a structure for the class NPO (the optimization problems of NP), these tools must be enriched with an “instrument” allowing comparisons between approximability properties of different problems (these comparisons must be independent on any specific approximation result of the problems concerned). This instrument is the approximability-preserving reductions. We show how to integrate them in the formalism presented and propose the definition of a new reduction unifying, under a specific point of view a great number of existing ones. This new reduction allows also to widen the use of the reductions, restricted until now either between versions of a problem, or between problems, in order to enhance structural relations between frameworks. They allow, for example, to study how standard-approximation properties of a problem transform into differential-approximation ones (for the same problem, or for another one). Finally, we apply the several concepts introduced to the study of the structure (and hardness) of the instances of a problem. This point of view seems particurarly fruitful for a better apprehension of the hardness of certain problems and of the mechanisms for the design of efficient solutions for them.

How to cite

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Demange, Marc, and Paschos, Vangelis. "Autour de nouvelles notions pour l'analyse des algorithmes d'approximation : de la structure de NPO à la structure des instances." RAIRO - Operations Research 36.4 (2010): 311-350. <http://eudml.org/doc/105276>.

@article{Demange2010,
abstract = { This paper is the continuation of the paper “Autour de nouvelles notions pour l'analyse des algorithmes d'approximation: Formalisme unifié et classes d'approximation” where a new formalism for polynomial approximation and its basic tools allowing an “absolute” (individual) evaluation the approximability properties of NP-hard problems have been presented and discussed. In order to be used for exhibiting a structure for the class NPO (the optimization problems of NP), these tools must be enriched with an “instrument” allowing comparisons between approximability properties of different problems (these comparisons must be independent on any specific approximation result of the problems concerned). This instrument is the approximability-preserving reductions. We show how to integrate them in the formalism presented and propose the definition of a new reduction unifying, under a specific point of view a great number of existing ones. This new reduction allows also to widen the use of the reductions, restricted until now either between versions of a problem, or between problems, in order to enhance structural relations between frameworks. They allow, for example, to study how standard-approximation properties of a problem transform into differential-approximation ones (for the same problem, or for another one). Finally, we apply the several concepts introduced to the study of the structure (and hardness) of the instances of a problem. This point of view seems particurarly fruitful for a better apprehension of the hardness of certain problems and of the mechanisms for the design of efficient solutions for them. },
author = {Demange, Marc, Paschos, Vangelis},
journal = {RAIRO - Operations Research},
keywords = {Complexité; difficulté intrinsèque; analyse des algorithmes et des problèmes; algorithmes d'approximation},
language = {eng},
month = {3},
number = {4},
pages = {311-350},
publisher = {EDP Sciences},
title = {Autour de nouvelles notions pour l'analyse des algorithmes d'approximation : de la structure de NPO à la structure des instances},
url = {http://eudml.org/doc/105276},
volume = {36},
year = {2010},
}

TY - JOUR
AU - Demange, Marc
AU - Paschos, Vangelis
TI - Autour de nouvelles notions pour l'analyse des algorithmes d'approximation : de la structure de NPO à la structure des instances
JO - RAIRO - Operations Research
DA - 2010/3//
PB - EDP Sciences
VL - 36
IS - 4
SP - 311
EP - 350
AB - This paper is the continuation of the paper “Autour de nouvelles notions pour l'analyse des algorithmes d'approximation: Formalisme unifié et classes d'approximation” where a new formalism for polynomial approximation and its basic tools allowing an “absolute” (individual) evaluation the approximability properties of NP-hard problems have been presented and discussed. In order to be used for exhibiting a structure for the class NPO (the optimization problems of NP), these tools must be enriched with an “instrument” allowing comparisons between approximability properties of different problems (these comparisons must be independent on any specific approximation result of the problems concerned). This instrument is the approximability-preserving reductions. We show how to integrate them in the formalism presented and propose the definition of a new reduction unifying, under a specific point of view a great number of existing ones. This new reduction allows also to widen the use of the reductions, restricted until now either between versions of a problem, or between problems, in order to enhance structural relations between frameworks. They allow, for example, to study how standard-approximation properties of a problem transform into differential-approximation ones (for the same problem, or for another one). Finally, we apply the several concepts introduced to the study of the structure (and hardness) of the instances of a problem. This point of view seems particurarly fruitful for a better apprehension of the hardness of certain problems and of the mechanisms for the design of efficient solutions for them.
LA - eng
KW - Complexité; difficulté intrinsèque; analyse des algorithmes et des problèmes; algorithmes d'approximation
UR - http://eudml.org/doc/105276
ER -

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