# Free spaces

Fundamenta Mathematicae (2000)

- Volume: 163, Issue: 3, page 229-239
- ISSN: 0016-2736

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topSong, Jian, and Tymchatyn, E.. "Free spaces." Fundamenta Mathematicae 163.3 (2000): 229-239. <http://eudml.org/doc/212441>.

@article{Song2000,

abstract = {A space Y is called a free space if for each compactum X the set of maps with hereditarily indecomposable fibers is a dense $G_δ$-subset of C(X,Y), the space of all continuous functions of X to Y. Levin proved that the interval I and the real line ℝ are free. Krasinkiewicz independently proved that each n-dimensional manifold M (n ≥ 1) is free and the product of any space with a free space is free. He also raised a number of questions about the extent of the class of free spaces. In this paper we will answer most of those questions. We prove that each cone is free. We introduce the notion of a locally free space and prove that a locally free ANR is free. It follows that every polyhedron is free. Hence, 1-dimensional Peano continua, Menger manifolds and many hereditarily unicoherent continua are free. We also give examples that show some limits to the extent of the class of free spaces.},

author = {Song, Jian, Tymchatyn, E.},

journal = {Fundamenta Mathematicae},

keywords = {free space; hereditarily indecomposable continuum; polyhedron},

language = {eng},

number = {3},

pages = {229-239},

title = {Free spaces},

url = {http://eudml.org/doc/212441},

volume = {163},

year = {2000},

}

TY - JOUR

AU - Song, Jian

AU - Tymchatyn, E.

TI - Free spaces

JO - Fundamenta Mathematicae

PY - 2000

VL - 163

IS - 3

SP - 229

EP - 239

AB - A space Y is called a free space if for each compactum X the set of maps with hereditarily indecomposable fibers is a dense $G_δ$-subset of C(X,Y), the space of all continuous functions of X to Y. Levin proved that the interval I and the real line ℝ are free. Krasinkiewicz independently proved that each n-dimensional manifold M (n ≥ 1) is free and the product of any space with a free space is free. He also raised a number of questions about the extent of the class of free spaces. In this paper we will answer most of those questions. We prove that each cone is free. We introduce the notion of a locally free space and prove that a locally free ANR is free. It follows that every polyhedron is free. Hence, 1-dimensional Peano continua, Menger manifolds and many hereditarily unicoherent continua are free. We also give examples that show some limits to the extent of the class of free spaces.

LA - eng

KW - free space; hereditarily indecomposable continuum; polyhedron

UR - http://eudml.org/doc/212441

ER -

## References

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- [HW] W. Hurewicz and H. Wallman, Dimension Theory, Princeton Univ. Press, 1941. Zbl67.1092.03
- [K] J. Krasinkiewicz, On mappings with hereditarily indecomposable fibers, Bull. Polish Acad. Sci. Math. 44 (1996), 147-156. Zbl0867.54020
- [Ku] K. Kuratowski, Topology, Vols. I, II, Academic Press, New York, 1968.
- [L] M. Levin, Bing maps and finite-dimensional maps, Fund. Math. 151 (1996), 47-52. Zbl0860.54028
- [M] J. van Mill, Infinite-Dimensional Topology, North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1989. Zbl0663.57001

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