### ${\aleph}_{1}$-directed inverse systems of continuous images of arcs.

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Let X be a continuum. Let C(X) denote the hyperspace of all subcontinua of X. In this paper we prove that the following assertions are equivalent: (a) X is a dendroid, (b) each positive Whitney level in C(X) is 2-connected, and (c) each positive Whitney level in C(X) is ∞-connected (n-connected for each n ≥ 0).

This paper presents a sufficient condition for a continuum in ℝn to be embeddable in ℝn in such a way that its image is not an attractor of any iterated function system. An example of a continuum in ℝ2 that is not an attractor of any weak iterated function system is also given.

We work within the one-parameter family of symmetric tent maps, where the slope is the parameter. Given two such tent maps ${f}_{a}$, ${f}_{b}$ with periodic critical points, we show that the inverse limit spaces ${(}_{a},{f}_{a})$ and ${(}_{b},{g}_{b})$ are not homeomorphic when a ≠ b. To obtain our result, we define topological substructures of a composant, called “wrapping points” and “gaps”, and identify properties of these substructures preserved under a homeomorphism.