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Dynamics of Tuberculosis: The effect of Direct Observation Therapy Strategy (DOTS) in Nigeria

D. OkuonghaeA. Korobeinikov — 2010

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

This paper presents mathematical models for tuberculosis and its dynamics under the implementation of the direct observation therapy strategy (DOTS) in Nigeria. The models establish conditions for the eradication of tuberculosis in Nigeria based on the fraction of detected infectious individuals placed under DOTS for treatment. Both numerical and qualitative analysis of the models were carried out and the effect of the fraction of detected cases of active TB on the various epidemiological classes...

Memory Effects in Population Dynamics : Spread of Infectious Disease as a Case Study

A. PimenovT.C. KellyA. KorobeinikovM.J.A. O’CallaghanA.V. PokrovskiiD. Rachinskii — 2012

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

Modification of behaviour in response to changes in the environment or ambient conditions, based on memory, is typical of the human and, possibly, many animal species.One obvious example of such adaptivity is, for instance, switching to a safer behaviour when in danger, from either a predator or an infectious disease. In human society such switching to safe behaviour is particularly apparent during epidemics. Mathematically, such changes of behaviour...

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