### Singular second-order multipoint dynamic boundary value problems with mixed derivatives.

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We present a version of Opial's inequality for time scales and point out some of its applications to so-called dynamic equations. Such dynamic equations contain both differential equations and difference equations as special cases. Various extensions of our inequality are offered as well.

We study the asymptotic behavior of the solutions of a scalar convolution sum-difference equation. The rate of convergence of the solution is found by determining the asymptotic behavior of the solution of the transient renewal equation.

In the paper, we unify and extend some basic properties for linear control systems as they appear in the continuous and discrete cases. In particular, we examine controllability, reachability, and observability for time-invariant systems and establish a duality principle.

The aim of this paper is to investigate the oscillatory and asymptotic behavior of solutions of a third-order delay difference equation. By using comparison theorems, we deduce oscillation of the difference equation from its relation to certain associated first-order delay difference equations or inequalities. Examples are given to illustrate the main results.

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