### Phytoplankton Dynamics: from the Behavior of Cells to a Transport Equation

We present models of the dynamics of phytoplankton aggregates. We start with an individual-based model in which aggregates can grow, divide, joint and move randomly. Passing to infinity with the number of individuals, we obtain a model which describes the space-size distribution of aggregates. The density distribution function satisfies a non-linear transport equation, which contains terms responsible for the growth of phytoplankton aggregates, their fragmentation, coagulation, and diffusion.