### An analysis of the boundary layer in the 1D surface Cauchy–Born model

The surface Cauchy–Born (SCB) method is a computational multi-scale method for the simulation of surface-dominated crystalline materials. We present an error analysis of the SCB method, focused on the role of surface relaxation. In a linearized 1D model we show that the error committed by the SCB method is 𝒪(1) in the mesh size; however, we are able to identify an alternative “approximation parameter” – the stiffness of the interaction potential – with respect to which the relative error...