# Stability of periodic waves in Hamiltonian PDEs

Sylvie Benzoni-Gavage^{[1]}; Pascal Noble^{[1]}; L. Miguel Rodrigues^{[1]}

- [1] Université de Lyon, CNRS UMR 5208, Université Lyon 1, Institut Camille Jordan, 43 bd 11 novembre 1918 F-69622 Villeurbanne cedex, France

Journées Équations aux dérivées partielles (2013)

- page 1-22
- ISSN: 0752-0360

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topBenzoni-Gavage, Sylvie, Noble, Pascal, and Rodrigues, L. Miguel. "Stability of periodic waves in Hamiltonian PDEs." Journées Équations aux dérivées partielles (2013): 1-22. <http://eudml.org/doc/275559>.

@article{Benzoni2013,

abstract = {Partial differential equations endowed with a Hamiltonian structure, like the Korteweg–de Vries equation and many other more or less classical models, are known to admit rich families of periodic travelling waves. The stability theory for these waves is still in its infancy though. The issue has been tackled by various means. Of course, it is always possible to address stability from the spectral point of view. However, the link with nonlinear stability - in fact, orbital stability, since we are dealing with space-invariant problems - , is far from being straightforward when the best spectral stability we can expect is a neutral one. Indeed, because of the Hamiltonian structure, the spectrum of the linearized equations cannot be bounded away from the imaginary axis, even if we manage to deal with the point zero, which is always present because of space invariance. Some other means make a crucial use of the underlying structure. This is clearly the case for the variational approach, which basically uses the Hamiltonian - or more precisely, a constrained functional associated with the Hamiltonian and with other conserved quantities - as a Lyapunov function. When it works, it is very powerful, since it gives a straight path to orbital stability. An alternative is the modulational approach, following the ideas developed by Whitham almost fifty years ago. The main purpose here is to point out a few results, for KdV-like equations and systems, that make the connection between these three approaches: spectral, variational, and modulational.},

affiliation = {Université de Lyon, CNRS UMR 5208, Université Lyon 1, Institut Camille Jordan, 43 bd 11 novembre 1918 F-69622 Villeurbanne cedex, France; Université de Lyon, CNRS UMR 5208, Université Lyon 1, Institut Camille Jordan, 43 bd 11 novembre 1918 F-69622 Villeurbanne cedex, France; Université de Lyon, CNRS UMR 5208, Université Lyon 1, Institut Camille Jordan, 43 bd 11 novembre 1918 F-69622 Villeurbanne cedex, France},

author = {Benzoni-Gavage, Sylvie, Noble, Pascal, Rodrigues, L. Miguel},

journal = {Journées Équations aux dérivées partielles},

keywords = {periodic travelling wave; variational stability; spectral stability; modulational stability},

language = {eng},

pages = {1-22},

publisher = {Groupement de recherche 2434 du CNRS},

title = {Stability of periodic waves in Hamiltonian PDEs},

url = {http://eudml.org/doc/275559},

year = {2013},

}

TY - JOUR

AU - Benzoni-Gavage, Sylvie

AU - Noble, Pascal

AU - Rodrigues, L. Miguel

TI - Stability of periodic waves in Hamiltonian PDEs

JO - Journées Équations aux dérivées partielles

PY - 2013

PB - Groupement de recherche 2434 du CNRS

SP - 1

EP - 22

AB - Partial differential equations endowed with a Hamiltonian structure, like the Korteweg–de Vries equation and many other more or less classical models, are known to admit rich families of periodic travelling waves. The stability theory for these waves is still in its infancy though. The issue has been tackled by various means. Of course, it is always possible to address stability from the spectral point of view. However, the link with nonlinear stability - in fact, orbital stability, since we are dealing with space-invariant problems - , is far from being straightforward when the best spectral stability we can expect is a neutral one. Indeed, because of the Hamiltonian structure, the spectrum of the linearized equations cannot be bounded away from the imaginary axis, even if we manage to deal with the point zero, which is always present because of space invariance. Some other means make a crucial use of the underlying structure. This is clearly the case for the variational approach, which basically uses the Hamiltonian - or more precisely, a constrained functional associated with the Hamiltonian and with other conserved quantities - as a Lyapunov function. When it works, it is very powerful, since it gives a straight path to orbital stability. An alternative is the modulational approach, following the ideas developed by Whitham almost fifty years ago. The main purpose here is to point out a few results, for KdV-like equations and systems, that make the connection between these three approaches: spectral, variational, and modulational.

LA - eng

KW - periodic travelling wave; variational stability; spectral stability; modulational stability

UR - http://eudml.org/doc/275559

ER -

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