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Basic results on braid groups

Juan González-Meneses — 2011

Annales mathématiques Blaise Pascal

These are Lecture Notes of a course given by the author at the French-Spanish School , held in Pau (France) in October 2009. It is basically an introduction to distinct approaches and techniques that can be used to show results in braid groups. Using these techniques we provide several proofs of well known results in braid groups, namely the correctness of Artin’s presentation, that the braid group is torsion free, or that its center is generated by the full twist. We also recall some solutions...

Computation of centralizers in Braid groups and Garside groups.

Nuno FrancoJuan González-Meneses — 2003

Revista Matemática Iberoamericana

We give a new method to compute the centralizer of an element in Artin braid groups and, more generally, in Garside groups. This method, together with the solution of the conjugacy problem given by the authors in [9], are two main steps for solving conjugacy systems, thus breaking recently discovered cryptosystems based in braid groups [2]. We also present the result of our computations, where we notice that our algorithm yields surprisingly small generating sets for the centralizers.

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