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Congruences and ideals in ternary rings

Ivan Chajda, Radomír Halaš, František Machala (1997)

Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal

A ternary ring is an algebraic structure = ( R ; t , 0 , 1 ) of type ( 3 , 0 , 0 ) satisfying the identities t ( 0 , x , y ) = y = t ( x , 0 , y ) and t ( 1 , x , 0 ) = x = ( x , 1 , 0 ) where, moreover, for any a , b , c R there exists a unique d R with t ( a , b , d ) = c . A congruence θ on is called normal if / θ is a ternary ring again. We describe basic properties of the lattice of all normal congruences on and establish connections between ideals (introduced earlier by the third author) and congruence kernels.

Convex lines in median groups

Milan Kolibiar (1992)

Archivum Mathematicum

There is proved that a convex maximal line in a median group G , containing 0, is a direct factor of G .

Jordan- and Lie geometries

Wolfgang Bertram (2013)

Archivum Mathematicum

In these lecture notes we report on research aiming at understanding the relation beween algebras and geometries, by focusing on the classes of Jordan algebraic and of associative structures and comparing them with Lie structures. The geometric object sought for, called a generalized projective, resp. an associative geometry, can be seen as a combination of the structure of a symmetric space, resp. of a Lie group, with the one of a projective geometry. The text is designed for readers having basic...

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