### A characterization of $\lambda $-convex functions.

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In this expository paper, some recent developments in majorization theory are reviewed. Selected topics on group majorizations, group-induced cone orderings, Eaton triples, normal decomposition systems and similarly separable vectors are discussed. Special attention is devoted to majorization inequalities. A unified approach is presented for proving majorization relations for eigenvalues and singular values of matrices. Some methods based on the Chebyshev functional and similarly separable vectors...

Sufficient and necessary conditions are presented under which two given functions can be separated by a function Π-affine in Rodé sense (resp. Π-convex, Π-concave). As special cases several old and new separation theorems are obtained.

The Levi-Civita functional equation $f\left(gh\right)={\sum}_{k=1}^{n}{u}_{k}\left(g\right){v}_{k}\left(h\right)$ (g,h ∈ G), for scalar functions on a topological semigroup G, has as the solutions the functions which have finite-dimensional orbits in the right regular representation of G, that is the matrix elements of G. In considerations of some extensions of the L-C equation one encounters with other geometric problems, for example: 1) which vectors x of the space X of a representation $g\mapsto {T}_{g}$ have orbits O(x) that are “close” to a fixed finite-dimensional subspace? 2) for...

The class of all functions f:(0,∞) → (0,∞) which are continuous at least at one point and affine with respect to the logarithmic mean is determined. Some related results concerning the functions convex with respect to the logarithmic mean are presented.