### $\mathcal{O}$-regularly varying functions in approximation theory.

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We give an example of a compact set K ⊂ [0, 1] such that the space ℇ(K) of Whitney functions is isomorphic to the space s of rapidly decreasing sequences, and hence there exists a linear continuous extension operator $L:\u2107\left(K\right)\to {C}^{\infty}[0,1]$. At the same time, Markov’s inequality is not satisfied for certain polynomials on K.

We compare the yields of two methods to obtain Bernstein type pointwise estimates for the derivative of a multivariate polynomial in a domain where the polynomial is assumed to have sup norm at most 1. One method, due to Sarantopoulos, relies on inscribing ellipses in a convex domain K. The other, pluripotential-theoretic approach, mainly due to Baran, works for even more general sets, and uses the pluricomplex Green function (the Zaharjuta-Siciak extremal function). When the inscribed ellipse method...

2000 Mathematics Subject Classification: 46B70, 41A25, 41A17, 26D10. ∗Part of the results were reported at the Conference “Pioneers of Bulgarian Mathematics”, Sofia, 2006.Certain types of weighted Peetre K-functionals are characterized by means of the classical moduli of smoothness taken on a proper linear transforms of the function. The weights with power-type asymptotic at the ends of the interval with arbitrary real exponents are considered. This paper extends the method and results presented...

For domains which are star-shaped w.r.t. at least one point, we give new bounds on the constants in Jackson-inequalities in Sobolev spaces. For convex domains, these bounds do not depend on the eccentricity. For non-convex domains with a re-entrant corner, the bounds are uniform w.r.t. the exterior angle. The main tool is a new projection operator onto the space of polynomials.

The main result says in particular that if $t\left(\zeta \right):={\sum}_{\nu =-n}\u207f{c}_{\nu}{e}^{i\nu \zeta}$ is a trigonometric polynomial of degree n having all its zeros in the open upper half-plane such that |t(ξ)| ≥ μ on the real axis and cₙ ≠ 0, then |t’(ξ)| ≥ μn for all real ξ.