### Absence of eigenvalues for integro-differential operators with periodic coefficients.

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We construct the heat kernel of the 1/2-order Laplacian perturbed by a first-order gradient term in Hölder spaces and a zero-order potential term in a generalized Kato class, and obtain sharp two-sided estimates as well as a gradient estimate of the heat kernel, where the proof of the lower bound is based on a probabilistic approach.

We consider the fractional Laplacian $-{(-\Delta )}^{\alpha /2}$ on an open subset in ${\mathbb{R}}^{d}$ with zero exterior condition. We establish sharp two-sided estimates for the heat kernel of such a Dirichlet fractional Laplacian in ${C}^{1,1}$ open sets. This heat kernel is also the transition density of a rotationally symmetric $\alpha $-stable process killed upon leaving a ${C}^{1,1}$ open set. Our results are the first sharp twosided estimates for the Dirichlet heat kernel of a non-local operator on open sets.

This paper is concerned with the Hölder regularity of viscosity solutions of second-order, fully non-linear elliptic integro-differential equations. Our results rely on two key ingredients: first we assume that, at each point of the domain, either the equation is strictly elliptic in the classical fully non-linear sense, or (and this is the most original part of our work) the equation is strictly elliptic in a non-local non-linear sense we make precise. Next we impose some regularity and growth...

Integro-differential equations with time-varying delay can provide us with realistic models of many real world phenomena. Delayed Lotka-Volterra predator-prey systems arise in ecology. We investigate the numerical solution of a system of two integro-differential equations with time-varying delay and the given initial function. We will present an approach based on $q$-step methods using quadrature formulas.

The aim of the present paper is to investigate the global existence of mild solutions of nonlinear mixed Volterra-Fredholm integrodifferential equations, with nonlocal condition. Our analysis is based on an application of the Leray-Schauder alternative and rely on a priori bounds of solutions.

We study an integro-differential operator Φ: H̅¹ → L² of Fredholm type and give sufficient conditions for Φ to be a diffeomorphism. An application to functional equations is presented.

2000 Mathematics Subject Classification: Primary 26A33; Secondary 47G20, 31B05We study a singular value problem and the boundary Harnack principle for the fractional Laplacian on the exterior of the unit ball.