### A Comparative Analysis of the Dea-Ccr Model and the Vikor Method

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Since 1956, a large number of papers have been devoted to Stein's technique of obtaining improved estimators of parameters, for several statistical models. We give a brief review of these papers, emphasizing those aspects which are interesting from the point of view of the theory of unbiased estimation.

Let $P$ be a discrete multidimensional probability distribution over a finite set of variables $N$ which is only partially specified by the requirement that it has prescribed given marginals $\{{P}_{A};\phantom{\rule{4pt}{0ex}}A\in \mathcal{S}\}$, where $\mathcal{S}$ is a class of subsets of $N$ with $\bigcup \mathcal{S}=N$. The paper deals with the problem of approximating $P$ on the basis of those given marginals. The divergence of an approximation $\widehat{P}$ from $P$ is measured by the relative entropy $H\left(P\right|\widehat{P})$. Two methods for approximating $P$ are compared. One of them uses formerly introduced concept of...

For a sequence of statistical experiments with a finite parameter set the asymptotic behavior of the maximum risk is studied for the problem of classification into disjoint subsets. The exponential rates of the optimal decision rule is determined and expressed in terms of the normalized limit of moment generating functions of likelihood ratios. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of adaptive classification rules in the sense of Rukhin [Ru1] are given. The results are applied to...

According to the great mathematician Henri Lebesgue, making direct comparisons of objects with regard to a property is a fundamental mathematical process for deriving measurements. Measuring objects by using a known scale first then comparing the measurements works well for properties for which scales of measurement exist. The theme of this paper is that direct comparisons are necessary to establish measurements for intangible properties that have no scales of measurement. In that case the value...