### A Constructive Method for Deriving Finite Elements of Nodal Type.

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We present a domain decomposition theory on an interface problem for the linear transport equation between a diffusive and a non-diffusive region. To leading order, i.e. up to an error of the order of the mean free path in the diffusive region, the solution in the non-diffusive region is independent of the density in the diffusive region. However, the diffusive and the non-diffusive regions are coupled at the interface at the next order of approximation. In particular, our algorithm avoids iterating...

We present an iterative method based on an infinite dimensional adaptation of the successive overrelaxation (SOR) algorithm for solving the 2-D neutron transport equation. In a wide range of application, the neutron transport operator admits a Self-Adjoint and m-Accretive Splitting (SAS). This splitting leads to an ADI-like iterative method which converges unconditionally and is equivalent to a fixed point problem where the operator is a 2 by 2 matrix...

We investigate the steady transport equation $$\lambda z+w\xb7\nabla z+az=f,\phantom{\rule{1.0em}{0ex}}\lambda >0$$ in various domains (bounded or unbounded) with smooth noncompact boundaries. The functions $w,\phantom{\rule{0.166667em}{0ex}}a$ are supposed to be small in appropriate norms. The solution is studied in spaces of Sobolev type (classical Sobolev spaces, Sobolev spaces with weights, homogeneous Sobolev spaces, dual spaces to Sobolev spaces). The particular stress is put onto the problem to extend the results to as less regular vector fields $w,\phantom{\rule{0.166667em}{0ex}}a$, as possible (conserving the requirement of...

The analysis of dissipative transport equations within the framework of open quantum systems with Fokker-Planck-type scattering is carried out from the perspective of a Wigner function approach. In particular, the well-posedness of the self-consistent whole-space problem in 3D is analyzed: existence of solutions, uniqueness and asymptotic behavior in time, where we adopt the viewpoint of mild solutions in this paper. Also, the admissibility of a density matrix formulation in Lindblad form with Fokker-Planck...

We consider an asymptotic preserving numerical scheme initially proposed by F. Filbet and S. Jin [J. Comput. Phys. 229 (2010)] and G. Dimarco and L. Pareschi [SIAM J. Numer. Anal. 49 (2011) 2057–2077] in the context of nonlinear and stiff kinetic equations. Here, we propose a convergence analysis of such a scheme for the approximation of a system of transport equations with a nonlinear source term, for which the asymptotic limit is given by a conservation law. We investigate the convergence of the...

The accretive operators theory is employed for proving an existence theorem for the evolutive energy equations involving simultaneously conduction, stationary convection (in the sense that the velocity field is assumed to be time independent), and radiation. In doing that we need to use new existence results for elliptic linear problems with mixed boundary conditions and irregular data.

We study the asymptotic behaviour of the semigroup of Markov operators generated by the equation ${u}_{t}+b{u}_{x}+cu=a{\int}_{0}^{ax}u(t,ax-y)\mu \left(dy\right)$. We prove that for a > 1 this semigroup is asymptotically stable. We show that for a ≤ 1 this semigroup, properly normalized, converges to a limit which depends only on a.

Continuum mechanics (e.g., hydrodynamics, elasticity theory) is based on the assumption that a small set of fields provides a closed description on large space and time scales. Conditions governing the choice for these fields are discussed in the context of granular fluids and multi-component fluids. In the first case, the relevance of temperature or energy as a hydrodynamic field is justified. For mixtures, the use of a total temperature and single...

This paper is concerned with the coupling of two models for the propagation of particles in scattering media. The first model is a linear transport equation of Boltzmann type posed in the phase space (position and velocity). It accurately describes the physics but is very expensive to solve. The second model is a diffusion equation posed in the physical space. It is only valid in areas of high scattering, weak absorption, and smooth physical coefficients, but its numerical solution is much cheaper...