### Dénombrement de géodésiques fermées, sous contraintes homologiques

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We study the zero-temperature limit for Gibbs measures associated to Frenkel–Kontorova models on ${\left({\mathbb{R}}^{d}\right)}^{\mathbb{Z}}/{\mathbb{Z}}^{d}$. We prove that equilibrium states concentrate on configurations of minimal energy, and, in addition, must satisfy a variational principle involving metric entropy and Lyapunov exponents, a bit like in the Ruelle–Pesin inequality. Then we transpose the result to certain continuous-time stationary stochastic processes associated to the viscous Hamilton–Jacobi equation. As the viscosity vanishes, the...

This article is a proceedings version of the ongoing work [

We study the high-energy eigenfunctions of the Laplacian on a compact Riemannian manifold with Anosov geodesic flow. The localization of a semiclassical measure associated with a sequence of eigenfunctions is characterized by the Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy of this measure. We show that this entropy is necessarily bounded from below by a constant which, in the case of constant negative curvature, equals half the maximal entropy. In this sense, high-energy eigenfunctions are at least half-delocalized....

In this article, the structure of semiclassical measures for solutions to the linear Schrödinger equation on the torus is analysed. We show that the disintegration of such a measure on every invariant lagrangian torus is absolutely continuous with respect to the Lebesgue measure. We obtain an expression of the Radon-Nikodym derivative in terms of the sequence of initial data and show that it satisfies an explicit propagation law. As a consequence, we also prove an observability inequality, saying...

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