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( m , r ) -central Riordan arrays and their applications

Sheng-Liang Yang, Yan-Xue Xu, Tian-Xiao He (2017)

Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal

For integers m > r 0 , Brietzke (2008) defined the ( m , r ) -central coefficients of an infinite lower triangular matrix G = ( d , h ) = ( d n , k ) n , k as d m n + r , ( m - 1 ) n + r , with n = 0 , 1 , 2 , , and the ( m , r ) -central coefficient triangle of G as G ( m , r ) = ( d m n + r , ( m - 1 ) n + k + r ) n , k . It is known that the ( m , r ) -central coefficient triangles of any Riordan array are also Riordan arrays. In this paper, for a Riordan array G = ( d , h ) with h ( 0 ) = 0 and d ( 0 ) , h ' ( 0 ) 0 , we obtain the generating function of its ( m , r ) -central coefficients and give an explicit representation for the ( m , r ) -central Riordan array G ( m , r ) in terms of the Riordan array G . Meanwhile, the...

A combinatorial proof of a result for permutation pairs

Toufik Mansour, Mark Shattuck (2012)

Open Mathematics

In this paper, a direct combinatorial proof is given of a result on permutation pairs originally due to Carlitz, Scoville, and Vaughan and later extended. It concerns showing that the series expansion of the reciprocal of a certain multiply exponential generating function has positive integer coefficients. The arguments may then be applied to related problems, one of which concerns the reciprocal of the exponential series for Fibonacci numbers.

A density version of the Carlson–Simpson theorem

Pandelis Dodos, Vassilis Kanellopoulos, Konstantinos Tyros (2014)

Journal of the European Mathematical Society

We prove a density version of the Carlson–Simpson Theorem. Specifically we show the following. For every integer k 2 and every set A of words over k satisfying lim sup n | A [ k ] n | / k n > 0 there exist a word c over k and a sequence ( w n ) of left variable words over k such that the set c { c w 0 ( a 0 ) . . . w n ( a n ) : n and a 0 , . . . , a n [ k ] } is contained in A . While the result is infinite-dimensional its proof is based on an appropriate finite and quantitative version, also obtained in the paper.

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