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Equations in simple matrix groups: algebra, geometry, arithmetic, dynamics

Tatiana Bandman, Shelly Garion, Boris Kunyavskiĭ (2014)

Open Mathematics

We present a survey of results on word equations in simple groups, as well as their analogues and generalizations, which were obtained over the past decade using various methods: group-theoretic and coming from algebraic and arithmetic geometry, number theory, dynamical systems and computer algebra. Our focus is on interrelations of these machineries which led to numerous spectacular achievements, including solutions of several long-standing problems.

Large-scale isoperimetry on locally compact groups and applications

Romain Tessera (2006/2007)

Séminaire de théorie spectrale et géométrie

We introduce various notions of large-scale isoperimetric profile on a locally compact, compactly generated amenable group. These asymptotic quantities provide measurements of the degree of amenability of the group. We are particularly interested in a class of groups with exponential volume growth which are the most amenable possible in that sense. We show that these groups share various interesting properties such as the speed of on-diagonal decay of random walks, the vanishing of the reduced first...

The geometry of abstract groups and their splittings.

Charles Terence Clegg Wall (2003)

Revista Matemática Complutense

A survey of splitting theorems for abstract groups and their applications. Topics covered include preliminaries, early results, Bass-Serre theory, the structure of G-trees, Serre's applications to SL2 and length functions. Stallings' theorem, results about accessibility and bounds for splittability. Duality groups and pairs; results of Eckmann and collaborators on PD2 groups. Relative ends, the JSJ theorems and the splitting results of Kropholler and Roller on PDn groups. Notions of quasi-isometry,...

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