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A geometric analysis of dynamical systems with singular Lagrangians

Monika Havelková (2011)

Communications in Mathematics

We study dynamics of singular Lagrangian systems described by implicit differential equations from a geometric point of view using the exterior differential systems approach. We analyze a concrete Lagrangian previously studied by other authors by methods of Dirac’s constraint theory, and find its complete dynamics.

Jordan- and Lie geometries

Wolfgang Bertram (2013)

Archivum Mathematicum

In these lecture notes we report on research aiming at understanding the relation beween algebras and geometries, by focusing on the classes of Jordan algebraic and of associative structures and comparing them with Lie structures. The geometric object sought for, called a generalized projective, resp. an associative geometry, can be seen as a combination of the structure of a symmetric space, resp. of a Lie group, with the one of a projective geometry. The text is designed for readers having basic...

Möbius gyrovector spaces in quantum information and computation

Abraham A. Ungar (2008)

Commentationes Mathematicae Universitatis Carolinae

Hyperbolic vectors, called gyrovectors, share analogies with vectors in Euclidean geometry. It is emphasized that the Bloch vector of Quantum Information and Computation (QIC) is, in fact, a gyrovector related to Möbius addition rather than a vector. The decomplexification of Möbius addition in the complex open unit disc of a complex plane into an equivalent real Möbius addition in the open unit ball 𝔹 2 of a Euclidean 2-space 2 is presented. This decomplexification proves useful, enabling the resulting...

The hyperbolic triangle centroid

Abraham A. Ungar (2004)

Commentationes Mathematicae Universitatis Carolinae

Some gyrocommutative gyrogroups, also known as Bruck loops or K-loops, admit scalar multiplication, turning themselves into gyrovector spaces. The latter, in turn, form the setting for hyperbolic geometry just as vector spaces form the setting for Euclidean geometry. In classical mechanics the centroid of a triangle in velocity space is the velocity of the center of momentum of three massive objects with equal masses located at the triangle vertices. Employing gyrovector space techniques we find...

Towards Sub-cellular Modeling with Delaunay Triangulation

G. Grise, M. Meyer-Hermann (2010)

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

In this article a novel model framework to simulate cells and their internal structure is described. The model is agent-based and suitable to simulate single cells with a detailed internal structure as well as multi-cellular compounds. Cells are simulated as a set of many interacting particles, with neighborhood relations defined via a Delaunay triangulation. The interacting sub-particles of a cell can assume specific roles – i.e., membrane sub-particle, internal sub-particle, organelles, etc –,...

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