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Dense Granular Poiseuille Flow

E. Khain (2011)

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

We consider a dense granular shear flow in a two-dimensional system. Granular systems (composed of a large number of macroscopic particles) are far from equilibrium due to inelastic collisions between particles: an external driving is needed to maintain the motion of particles. Theoretical description of driven granular media is especially challenging for dense granular flows. This paper focuses on a gravity-driven dense granular Poiseuille flow...

On the L 2 -instability and L 2 -controllability of steady flows of an ideal incompressible fluid

Alexander Shnirelman (1999)

Journées équations aux dérivées partielles

In the existing stability theory of steady flows of an ideal incompressible fluid, formulated by V. Arnold, the stability is understood as a stability with respect to perturbations with small in L 2 vorticity. Nothing has been known about the stability under perturbation with small energy, without any restrictions on vorticity; it was clear that existing methods do not work for this (the most physically reasonable) class of perturbations. We prove that in fact, every nontrivial steady flow is unstable...

Stability and instability in nineteenth-century fluid mechanics

Olivier Darrigol (2002)

Revue d'histoire des mathématiques

The stability or instability of a few basic flows was conjectured, debated, and sometimes proved in the nineteenth century. Motivations varied from turbulence observed in real flows to permanence expected in hydrodynamic theories of matter. Contemporary mathematics often failed to provide rigorous answers, and personal intuitions sometimes gave wrong results. Yet some of the basic ideas and methods of the modern theory of hydrodynamic instability occurred to the elite of British and German mathematical...

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