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A Game Theoretical Approach to The Algebraic Counterpart of The Wagner Hierarchy : Part II

Jérémie Cabessa, Jacques Duparc (2009)

RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications

The algebraic counterpart of the Wagner hierarchy consists of a well-founded and decidable classification of finite pointed ω-semigroups of width 2 and height ωω. This paper completes the description of this algebraic hierarchy. We first give a purely algebraic decidability procedure of this partial ordering by introducing a graph representation of finite pointed ω-semigroups allowing to compute their precise Wagner degrees. The Wagner degree of any ω-rational language can therefore be computed...

A game theoretical approach to the algebraic counterpart of the Wagner hierarchy : Part I

Jérémie Cabessa, Jacques Duparc (2009)

RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications

The algebraic study of formal languages shows that ω-rational sets correspond precisely to the ω-languages recognizable by finite ω-semigroups. Within this framework, we provide a construction of the algebraic counterpart of the Wagner hierarchy. We adopt a hierarchical game approach, by translating the Wadge theory from the ω-rational language to the ω-semigroup context. More precisely, we first show that the Wagner degree is indeed a syntactic invariant. We then define a reduction relation on...

A Hierarchy of Automatic ω-Words having a Decidable MSO Theory

Vince Bárány (2008)

RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications

We investigate automatic presentations of ω-words. Starting points of our study are the works of Rigo and Maes, Caucal, and Carton and Thomas concerning lexicographic presentation, MSO-interpretability in algebraic trees, and the decidability of the MSO theory of morphic words. Refining their techniques we observe that the lexicographic presentation of a (morphic) word is in a certain sense canonical. We then generalize our techniques to a hierarchy of classes of ω-words enjoying the above...

Algebra grammars

Radim Bělohlávek (1995)

Acta Mathematica et Informatica Universitatis Ostraviensis

Automata, Borel functions and real numbers in Pisot base

Benoit Cagnard, Pierre Simonnet (2007)

RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications

This note is about functions ƒ : Aω → Bω whose graph is recognized by a Büchi finite automaton on the product alphabet A x B. These functions are Baire class 2 in the Baire hierarchy of Borel functions and it is decidable whether such function are continuous or not. In 1920 W. Sierpinski showed that a function f : is Baire class 1 if and only if both the overgraph and the undergraph of f are Fσ. We show that such characterization is also true for functions on infinite words if we replace the real...

Automata-based Representations for Infinite Graphs

Salvatore La Torre, Margherita Napoli (2010)

RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications

New compact representations of infinite graphs are investigated. Finite automata are used to represent labelled hyper-graphs which can be also multi-graphs. Our approach consists of a general framework where vertices are represented by a regular prefix-free language and edges are represented by a regular language and a function over tuples. We consider three different functions over tuples: given a tuple the first function returns its first difference, the second one returns its suffix and...

Automata-based representations for infinite graphs

Salvatore La Torre, Margherita Napoli (2001)

RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications - Informatique Théorique et Applications

New compact representations of infinite graphs are investigated. Finite automata are used to represent labelled hyper-graphs which can be also multi-graphs. Our approach consists of a general framework where vertices are represented by a regular prefix-free language and edges are represented by a regular language and a function over tuples. We consider three different functions over tuples: given a tuple the first function returns its first difference, the second one returns its suffix and the last...

Choice functions and well-orderings over the infinite binary tree

Arnaud Carayol, Christof Löding, Damian Niwinski, Igor Walukiewicz (2010)

Open Mathematics

We give a new proof showing that it is not possible to define in monadic second-order logic (MSO) a choice function on the infinite binary tree. This result was first obtained by Gurevich and Shelah using set theoretical arguments. Our proof is much simpler and only uses basic tools from automata theory. We show how the result can be used to prove the inherent ambiguity of languages of infinite trees. In a second part we strengthen the result of the non-existence of an MSO-definable well-founded...

Comparing the succinctness of monadic query languages over finite trees

Martin Grohe, Nicole Schweikardt (2004)

RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications - Informatique Théorique et Applications

We study the succinctness of monadic second-order logic and a variety of monadic fixed point logics on trees. All these languages are known to have the same expressive power on trees, but some can express the same queries much more succinctly than others. For example, we show that, under some complexity theoretic assumption, monadic second-order logic is non-elementarily more succinct than monadic least fixed point logic, which in turn is non-elementarily more succinct than monadic datalog. Succinctness...

Comparing the succinctness of monadic query languages over finite trees

Martin Grohe, Nicole Schweikardt (2010)

RAIRO - Theoretical Informatics and Applications

We study the succinctness of monadic second-order logic and a variety of monadic fixed point logics on trees. All these languages are known to have the same expressive power on trees, but some can express the same queries much more succinctly than others. For example, we show that, under some complexity theoretic assumption, monadic second-order logic is non-elementarily more succinct than monadic least fixed point logic, which in turn is non-elementarily more succinct than monadic datalog.
Succinctness...

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