### A generic approach to the structure of certain normal ideals

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This text has two parts. The first one is the essentially unmodified text of our 1973-74 seminar on integral dependence in complex analytic geometry at the Ecole Polytechnique with J-J. Risler’s appendix on the Łojasiewicz exponents in the real-analytic framework. The second part is a short survey of more recent results directly related to the content of the seminar.The first part begins with the definition and elementary properties of the $\overline{\nu}$ order function associated to an ideal $I$ of a reduced analytic...

Let ${C}_{F}\left(X\right)$ be the socle of C(X). It is shown that each prime ideal in $C\left(X\right)/{C}_{F}\left(X\right)$ is essential. For each h ∈ C(X), we prove that every prime ideal (resp. z-ideal) of C(X)/(h) is essential if and only if the set Z(h) of zeros of h contains no isolated points (resp. int Z(h) = ∅). It is proved that $dim(C\left(X\right)/{C}_{F}\left(X\right))\ge dimC\left(X\right)$, where dim C(X) denotes the Goldie dimension of C(X), and the inequality may be strict. We also give an algebraic characterization of compact spaces with at most a countable number of nonisolated points. For each essential...

Let (R,m) be a Noetherian local ring and let I C R be an ideal. This paper studies the question of when m I is integrally closed. Particular attention is focused on the case R is a regular local ring and I is a reduced ideal. This question arose through a question posed by Eisenbud and Mazur on the existence of evolutions.

The important ideas of reduction and integral closure of an ideal in a commutative Noetherian ring A (with identity) were introduced by Northcott and Rees [4]; a brief and direct approach to their theory is given in [6, (1.1)]. We begin by briefly summarizing some of the main aspects.