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A new characterization of Mathieu groups

Changguo Shao, Qinhui Jiang (2010)

Archivum Mathematicum

Let G be a finite group and nse ( G ) the set of numbers of elements with the same order in G . In this paper, we prove that a finite group G is isomorphic to M , where M is one of the Mathieu groups, if and only if the following hold: (1)  | G | = | M | , (2)  nse ( G ) = nse ( M ) .

A variation of Thompson's conjecture for the symmetric groups

Mahdi Abedei, Ali Iranmanesh, Farrokh Shirjian (2020)

Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal

Let G be a finite group and let N ( G ) denote the set of conjugacy class sizes of G . Thompson’s conjecture states that if G is a centerless group and S is a non-abelian simple group satisfying N ( G ) = N ( S ) , then G S . In this paper, we investigate a variation of this conjecture for some symmetric groups under a weaker assumption. In particular, it is shown that G Sym ( p + 1 ) if and only if | G | = ( p + 1 ) ! and G has a special conjugacy class of size ( p + 1 ) ! / p , where p > 5 is a prime number. Consequently, if G is a centerless group with N ( G ) = N ( Sym ( p + 1 ) ) , then G Sym ( p + 1 ) .

Characterization of the alternating groups by their order and one conjugacy class length

Alireza Khalili Asboei, Reza Mohammadyari (2016)

Czechoslovak Mathematical Journal

Let G be a finite group, and let N ( G ) be the set of conjugacy class sizes of G . By Thompson’s conjecture, if L is a finite non-abelian simple group, G is a finite group with a trivial center, and N ( G ) = N ( L ) , then L and G are isomorphic. Recently, Chen et al. contributed interestingly to Thompson’s conjecture under a weak condition. They only used the group order and one or two special conjugacy class sizes of simple groups and characterized successfully sporadic simple groups (see Li’s PhD dissertation). In...

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