### A Canonical Formalism for Multiple Integral Problems in the Calculus of Variation. (Short Communication).

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This work is concerned with the reformulation of evolutionary problems in a weak form enabling consideration of solutions that may exhibit evolving microstructures. This reformulation is accomplished by expressing the evolutionary problem in variational form, i.e., by identifying a functional whose minimizers represent entire trajectories of the system. The particular class of functionals under consideration is derived by first defining a sequence of time-discretized minimum problems and subsequently...

This work is concerned with the reformulation of evolutionary problems in a weak form enabling consideration of solutions that may exhibit evolving microstructures. This reformulation is accomplished by expressing the evolutionary problem in variational form, i.e., by identifying a functional whose minimizers represent entire trajectories of the system. The particular class of functionals under consideration is derived by first defining a sequence of time-discretized minimum problems and...

Using the Haar-Kármán principle, approximate solutions of the basic boundary value problems are proposed and studied, which consist of piecewise linear stress fields on composite triangles. The torsion problem is solved in an analogous manner. Some convergence results are proven.

In this paper we prove a maxmin principle for nonlinear nonoverdamped eigenvalue problems corresponding to the characterization of Courant, Fischer and Weyl for linear eigenproblems. We apply it to locate eigenvalues of a rational spectral problem in fluid-solid interaction.

We study the Landau-Lifshitz model for the energy of multi-scale transition layers – called “domain walls” – in soft ferromagnetic films. Domain walls separate domains of constant magnetization vectors ${m}_{\alpha}^{\pm}\in {\mathbb{S}}^{2}$ that differ by an angle $2\alpha $. Assuming translation invariance tangential to the wall, our main result is the rigorous derivation of a reduced model for the energy of the optimal transition layer, which in a certain parameter regime confirms the experimental, numerical and physical predictions: The...

The Aviles Giga functional is a well known second order functional that forms a model for blistering and in a certain regime liquid crystals, a related functional models thin magnetized films. Given Lipschitz domain Ω ⊂ ℝ2the functional is ${I}_{}\left(u\right)=\frac{1}{2}{\int}_{\Omega}^{-1}{|1-|Du|}^{2}{|}^{2}+{\left|{D}^{2}u\right|}^{2}\mathrm{d}z$ I ϵ ( u ) = 1 2 ∫ Ω ϵ -1 1 − Du 2 2 + ϵ D 2 u 2 d z whereubelongs to the subset of functions in ${W}_{0}^{2,2}\left(\Omega \right)$W02,2(Ω) whose gradient (in the sense of trace) satisfiesDu(x)·ηx = 1 where ηx is the inward pointing unit normal to ∂Ω at x. In [Ann. Sc. Norm. Super. Pisa Cl....

The Aviles Giga functional is a well known second order functional that forms a model for blistering and in a certain regime liquid crystals, a related functional models thin magnetized films. Given Lipschitz domain Ω ⊂ ℝ2 the functional is ${\mathit{I}}_{\mathit{\u03f5}}\mathrm{\left(}\mathit{u}\mathrm{\right)}\mathrm{=}\frac{\mathrm{1}}{\mathrm{2}}{{}^{\mathrm{\int}}}_{\mathit{\Omega}}{\mathit{\u03f5}}^{-1}{\left|\mathrm{1}\mathrm{-}{\left|\mathit{Du}\right|}^{\mathrm{2}}\right|}^{\mathrm{2}}\mathrm{+}\mathit{\u03f5}{\left|{\mathit{D}}^{\mathrm{2}}\mathit{u}\right|}^{\mathrm{2}}\mathrm{d}\mathit{z}$ where u belongs to the subset of functions in ${\mathit{W}}_{\mathrm{0}}^{\mathrm{2}\mathit{,}\mathrm{2}}\mathrm{\left(}\mathit{\Omega}\mathrm{\right)}$ whose gradient (in the sense of trace) satisfies Du(x)·ηx = 1 where ηx is the inward pointing unit normal ...

Controlling growth at crystalline surfaces requires a detailed and quantitative understanding of the thermodynamic and kinetic parameters governing mass transport. Many of these parameters can be determined by analyzing the isothermal wandering of steps at a vicinal [“step-terrace”] type surface [for a recent review see [4]]. In the case of $orthodox$ crystals one finds that these meanderings develop larger amplitudes as the equilibrium temperature is raised (as is consistent with the statistical mechanical...

Controlling growth at crystalline surfaces requires a detailed and quantitative understanding of the thermodynamic and kinetic parameters governing mass transport. Many of these parameters can be determined by analyzing the isothermal wandering of steps at a vicinal [“step-terrace”] type surface [for a recent review see [4]]. In the case of orthodox crystals one finds that these meanderings develop larger amplitudes as the equilibrium temperature is raised (as is consistent with the statistical...

It is shown that when in a higher order variational principle one fixes fields at the boundary leaving the field derivatives unconstrained, then the variational principle (in particular the solution space) is not invariant with respect to the addition of boundary terms to the action, as it happens instead when the correct procedure is applied. Examples are considered to show how leaving derivatives of fields unconstrained affects the physical interpretation of the model. This is justified in particular...