### ${\aleph}_{1}$-directed inverse systems of continuous images of arcs.

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We continue the study of 1/2-homogeneity of the hyperspace suspension of continua. We prove that if X is a decomposable continuum and its hyperspace suspension is 1/2-homogeneous, then X must be continuum chainable. We also characterize 1/2-homogeneity of the hyperspace suspension for several classes of continua, including: continua containing a free arc, atriodic and decomposable continua, and decomposable irreducible continua about a finite set.

Given an axiomatic account of the category of locales the closed subgroup theorem is proved. The theorem is seen as a consequence of a categorical account of the Hofmann-Mislove theorem. The categorical account has an order dual providing a new result for locale theory: every compact subgroup is necessarily fitted.

We introduce the concept of firm classes of morphisms as basis for the axiomatic study of completions of objects in arbitrary categories. Results on objects injective with respect to given morphism classes are included. In a finitely well-complete category, firm classes are precisely the coessential first factors of morphism factorization structures.

Let X be a continuum. Let C(X) denote the hyperspace of all subcontinua of X. In this paper we prove that the following assertions are equivalent: (a) X is a dendroid, (b) each positive Whitney level in C(X) is 2-connected, and (c) each positive Whitney level in C(X) is ∞-connected (n-connected for each n ≥ 0).