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### A maximum likelihood estimator of an inhomogeneous Poisson point processes intensity using beta splines

Kybernetika

The problem of estimating the intensity of a non-stationary Poisson point process arises in many applications. Besides non parametric solutions, e. g. kernel estimators, parametric methods based on maximum likelihood estimation are of interest. In the present paper we have developed an approach in which the parametric function is represented by two-dimensional beta-splines.

### A note on the application of integrals involving cyclic products of kernels.

Qüestiió

In statistics of stochastic processes and random fields, a moment function or a cumulant of an estimate of either the correlation function or the spectral function can often contain an integral involving a cyclic product of kernels. We define and study this class of integrals and prove a Young-Hölder inequality. This inequality further enables us to study asymptotics of the above mentioned integrals in the situation where the kernels depend on a parameter. An application to the problem of estimation...

Kybernetika

### An estimator for parameters of a nonlinear nonnegative multidimensional AR(1) process

Applications of Mathematics

Let ${𝕖}_{t}={\left({e}_{t1},\cdots ,{e}_{tp}\right)}^{\text{'}}$ be a $p$-dimensional nonnegative strict white noise with finite second moments. Let ${h}_{ij}\left(x\right)$ be nondecreasing functions from $\left[0,\infty \right)$ onto $\left[0,\infty \right)$ such that ${h}_{ij}\left(x\right)\le x$ for $i,j=1,\cdots ,p$. Let $𝕌=\left({u}_{ij}\right)$ be a $p×p$ matrix with nonnegative elements having all its roots inside the unit circle. Define a process ${𝕏}_{t}={\left({X}_{t1},\cdots ,{X}_{tp}\right)}^{\text{'}}$ by ${X}_{tj}={u}_{j1}{h}_{1j}\left({X}_{t-1,1}\right)+\cdots +{u}_{jp}{h}_{pj}\left({X}_{t-1,p}\right)+{e}_{tj}$ for $j=1,\cdots ,p$. A method for estimating $𝕌$ from a realization ${𝕏}_{1},\cdots ,{𝕏}_{n}$ is proposed. It is proved that the estimators are strongly consistent.

Kybernetika

Metrika

### Aspects of analysis of multivariate failure time data.

SORT

Multivariate failure time data arise in various forms including recurrent event data when individuals are followed to observe the sequence of occurrences of a certain type of event; correlated failure time when an individual is followed for the occurrence of two or more types of events for which the individual is simultaneously at risk, or when distinct individuals have depending event times; or more complicated multistate processes where individuals may move among a number of discrete states over...

### Asymptotic properties and optimization of some non-Markovian stochastic processes

Kybernetika

We study the limit behavior of certain classes of dependent random sequences (processes) which do not possess the Markov property. Assuming these processes depend on a control parameter we show that the optimization of the control can be reduced to a problem of nonlinear optimization. Under certain hypotheses we establish the stability of such optimization problems.

### Bayes optimal stopping of a homogeneous poisson process under linex loss function and variation in the prior

Applicationes Mathematicae

A homogeneous Poisson process (N(t),t ≥ 0) with the intensity function m(t)=θ is observed on the interval [0,T]. The problem consists in estimating θ with balancing the LINEX loss due to an error of estimation and the cost of sampling which depends linearly on T. The optimal T is given when the prior distribution of θ is not uniquely specified.

Metrika

### Bayesian estimation of the mean holding time in average semi-Markov control processes

Applicationes Mathematicae

We consider semi-Markov control models with Borel state and action spaces, possibly unbounded costs, and holding times with a generalized exponential distribution with unknown mean θ. Assuming that such a distribution does not depend on the state-action pairs, we introduce a Bayesian estimation procedure for θ, which combined with a variant of the vanishing discount factor approach yields average cost optimal policies.

### Bayesian MCMC estimation of the rose of directions

Kybernetika

The paper concerns estimation of the rose of directions of a stationary fibre process in ${R}^{3}$ from the intersection counts of the process with test planes. A new approach is suggested based on Bayesian statistical techniques. The method is derived from the special case of a Poisson line process however the estimator is shown to be consistent generally. Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithms are used for the approximation of the posterior distribution. Uniform ergodicity of the algorithms used is...

### Change-point estimation from indirect observations. 1. Minimax complexity

Annales de l'I.H.P. Probabilités et statistiques

We consider the problem of nonparametric estimation of signal singularities from indirect and noisy observations. Here by singularity, we mean a discontinuity (change-point) of the signal or of its derivative. The model of indirect observations we consider is that of a linear transform of the signal, observed in white noise. The estimation problem is analyzed in a minimax framework. We provide lower bounds for minimax risks and propose rate-optimal estimation procedures.

### Change-point estimation from indirect observations. 2. Adaptation

Annales de l'I.H.P. Probabilités et statistiques

We focus on the problem of adaptive estimation of signal singularities from indirect and noisy observations. A typical example of such a singularity is a discontinuity (change-point) of the signal or of its derivative. We develop a change-point estimator which adapts to the unknown smoothness of a nuisance deterministic component and to an unknown jump amplitude. We show that the proposed estimator attains optimal adaptive rates of convergence. A simulation study demonstrates reasonable practical...

### Discrete sampling of an integrated diffusion process and parameter estimation of the diffusion coefficient

ESAIM: Probability and Statistics

Let (Xt) be a diffusion on the interval (l,r) and Δn a sequence of positive numbers tending to zero. We define Ji as the integral between iΔn and (i + 1)Δn of Xs. We give an approximation of the law of (J0,...,Jn-1) by means of a Euler scheme expansion for the process (Ji). In some special cases, an approximation by an explicit Gaussian ARMA(1,1) process is obtained. When Δn = n-1 we deduce from this expansion estimators of the diffusion coefficient of X based on (Ji). These estimators are shown...

Kybernetika

Kybernetika

### Estimation of summary characteristics from replicated spatial point processes

Kybernetika

Summary characteristics play an important role in the analysis of spatial point processes. We discuss various approaches to estimating summary characteristics from replicated observations of a stationary point process. The estimators are compared with respect to their integrated squared error. Simulations for three basic types of point processes help to indicate the best way of pooling the subwindow estimators. The most appropriate way depends on the particular summary characteristic, edge-correction...

Metrika

### Estimation of the drift function for Ito processes and a class of semimartingales via histogram sieve

Applicationes Mathematicae

A histogram sieve estimator of the drift function in Ito processes and some semimartingales is constructed. It is proved that the estimator is pointwise and L¹ consistent and its finite-dimensional distributions are asymptotically normal. Our approach extends the results of Leśkow and Różański (1989a).

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