### A fuzzy computational model implementation

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We show that one-way Π2-alternating Turing machines cannot accept unary nonregular languages in o(log n) space. This holds for an accept mode of space complexity measure, defined as the worst cost of any accepting computation. This lower bound should be compared with the corresponding bound for one-way Σ2-alternating machines, that are able to accept unary nonregular languages in space O(log log n). Thus, Σ2-alternation is more powerful than Π2-alternation for space bounded one-way machines with...

We introduce and investigate Nondeterministically Bounded Modulo Counter Automata (NBMCA), which are two-way multi-head automata that comprise a constant number of modulo counters, where the counter bounds are nondeterministically guessed, and this is the only element of nondeterminism. NBMCA are tailored to recognising those languages that are characterised by the existence of a specific factorisation of their words, e. g., pattern languages. In this work, we subject NBMCA to a theoretically sound...

This paper introduces and discusses a modification of pushdown automata. This modification is based on two-sided pushdowns into which symbols are pushed from both ends. These pushdowns are defined over free groups, not free monoids, and they can be shortened only by the standard group reduction. We demonstrate that these automata characterize the family of recursively enumerable languages even if the free groups are generated by no more than four symbols.

We introduce and investigate several variants of a bidirectional string assembling system, which is a computational model that generates strings from copies of assembly units. The underlying mechanism is based on two-sided piecewise assembly of a double-stranded sequence of symbols, where the upper and lower strand have to match. The generative capacities and the relative power of the variants are our main interest. In particular, we prove that bidirectional string assembling system generate languages...

The notion of solvability in the call-by-value λ-calculus is defined and completely characterized, both from an operational and a logical point of view. The operational characterization is given through a reduction machine, performing the classical β-reduction, according to an innermost strategy. In fact, it turns out that the call-by-value reduction rule is too weak for capturing the solvability property of terms. The logical characterization is given through an intersection type assignment system,...

Circular splicing has been very recently introduced to model a specific recombinant behaviour of circular DNA, continuing the investigation initiated with linear splicing. In this paper we restrict our study to the relationship between regular circular languages and languages generated by finite circular splicing systems and provide some results towards a characterization of the intersection between these two classes. We consider the class of languages ${X}^{*}$, called here star languages, which are closed...