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A variational problem modelling behavior of unorthodox silicon crystals

J. Hannon, M. Marcus, Victor J. Mizel (2003)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

Controlling growth at crystalline surfaces requires a detailed and quantitative understanding of the thermodynamic and kinetic parameters governing mass transport. Many of these parameters can be determined by analyzing the isothermal wandering of steps at a vicinal [“step-terrace”] type surface [for a recent review see [4]]. In the case of o r t h o d o x crystals one finds that these meanderings develop larger amplitudes as the equilibrium temperature is raised (as is consistent with the statistical mechanical...

A Variational Problem Modelling Behavior of Unorthodox Silicon Crystals

J. Hannon, M. Marcus, Victor J. Mizel (2010)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

Controlling growth at crystalline surfaces requires a detailed and quantitative understanding of the thermodynamic and kinetic parameters governing mass transport. Many of these parameters can be determined by analyzing the isothermal wandering of steps at a vicinal [“step-terrace”] type surface [for a recent review see [4]]. In the case of orthodox crystals one finds that these meanderings develop larger amplitudes as the equilibrium temperature is raised (as is consistent with the statistical...

An elastic membrane with an attached non-linear thermoelastic rod

Werner Horn, Jan Sokołowski (2002)

International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science

We study a thermo-mechanical system consisting of an elastic membrane to which a shape-memory rod is glued. The slow movements of the membrane are controlled by the motions of the attached rods. A quasi-static model is used. We include the elastic feedback of the membrane on the rods. This results in investigating an elliptic boundary value problem in a domain Ω ⊂ R^2 with a cut, coupled with non-linear equations for the vertical motions of the rod and the temperature on the rod. We prove the existence...

Asymptotic analysis and control of a hybrid system composed by two vibrating strings connected by a point mass

C. Castro (2010)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

We consider a hybrid, one-dimensional, linear system consisting in two flexible strings connected by a point mass. It is known that this system presents two interesting features. First, it is well posed in an asymmetric space in which solutions have one more degree of regularity to one side of the point mass. Second, that the spectral gap vanishes asymptotically. We prove that the first property is a consequence of the second one. We also consider a system in which the point mass is replaced...

Boundary controllability of the finite-difference space semi-discretizations of the beam equation

Liliana León, Enrique Zuazua (2002)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

We propose a finite difference semi-discrete scheme for the approximation of the boundary exact controllability problem of the 1-D beam equation modelling the transversal vibrations of a beam with fixed ends. First of all we show that, due to the high frequency spurious oscillations, the uniform (with respect to the mesh-size) controllability property of the semi-discrete model fails in the natural functional setting. We then prove that there are two ways of restoring the uniform controllability...

Boundary controllability of the finite-difference space semi-discretizations of the beam equation

Liliana León, Enrique Zuazua (2010)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

We propose a finite difference semi-discrete scheme for the approximation of the boundary exact controllability problem of the 1-D beam equation modelling the transversal vibrations of a beam with fixed ends. First of all we show that, due to the high frequency spurious oscillations, the uniform (with respect to the mesh-size) controllability property of the semi-discrete model fails in the natural functional setting. We then prove that there are two ways of restoring the uniform controllability...

Boundary feedback stabilization of a three-layer sandwich beam : Riesz basis approach

Jun-Min Wang, Bao-Zhu Guo, Boumediène Chentouf (2006)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

In this paper, we consider the boundary stabilization of a sandwich beam which consists of two outer stiff layers and a compliant middle layer. Using Riesz basis approach, we show that there is a sequence of generalized eigenfunctions, which forms a Riesz basis in the state space. As a consequence, the spectrum-determined growth condition as well as the exponential stability of the closed-loop system are concluded. Finally, the well-posedness and regularity in the sense of Salamon-Weiss class as...

Boundary feedback stabilization of a three-layer sandwich beam: Riesz basis approach

Jun-Min Wang, Bao-Zhu Guo, Boumediène Chentouf (2005)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

In this paper, we consider the boundary stabilization of a sandwich beam which consists of two outer stiff layers and a compliant middle layer. Using Riesz basis approach, we show that there is a sequence of generalized eigenfunctions, which forms a Riesz basis in the state space. As a consequence, the spectrum-determined growth condition as well as the exponential stability of the closed-loop system are concluded. Finally, the well-posedness and regularity in the sense of Salamon-Weiss class as...

Control in obstacle-pseudoplate problems with friction on the boundary. approximate optimal design and worst scenario problems

Ivan Hlaváček, Ján Lovíšek (2002)

Applicationes Mathematicae

In addition to the optimal design and worst scenario problems formulated in a previous paper [3], approximate optimization problems are introduced, making use of the finite element method. The solvability of the approximate problems is proved on the basis of a general theorem of [3]. When the mesh size tends to zero, a subsequence of any sequence of approximate solutions converges uniformly to a solution of the continuous problem.

Control of a clamped-free beam by a piezoelectric actuator

Emmanuelle Crépeau, Christophe Prieur (2006)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

We consider a controllability problem for a beam, clamped at one boundary and free at the other boundary, with an attached piezoelectric actuator. By Hilbert Uniqueness Method (HUM) and new results on diophantine approximations, we prove that the space of exactly initial controllable data depends on the location of the actuator. We also illustrate these results with numerical simulations.

Control of networks of Euler-Bernoulli beams

Bertrand Dekoninck, Serge Nicaise (2010)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

We consider the exact controllability problem by boundary action of hyperbolic systems of networks of Euler-Bernoulli beams. Using the multiplier method and Ingham's inequality, we give sufficient conditions insuring the exact controllability for all time. These conditions are related to the spectral behaviour of the associated operator and are sufficiently concrete in order to be able to check them on particular networks as illustrated on simple examples.

Control of the wave equation by time-dependent coefficient

Antonin Chambolle, Fadil Santosa (2002)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

We study an initial boundary-value problem for a wave equation with time-dependent sound speed. In the control problem, we wish to determine a sound-speed function which damps the vibration of the system. We consider the case where the sound speed can take on only two values, and propose a simple control law. We show that if the number of modes in the vibration is finite, and none of the eigenfrequencies are repeated, the proposed control law does lead to energy decay. We illustrate the rich behavior...

Control of the Wave Equation by Time-Dependent Coefficient

Antonin Chambolle, Fadil Santosa (2010)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

We study an initial boundary-value problem for a wave equation with time-dependent sound speed. In the control problem, we wish to determine a sound-speed function which damps the vibration of the system. We consider the case where the sound speed can take on only two values, and propose a simple control law. We show that if the number of modes in the vibration is finite, and none of the eigenfrequencies are repeated, the proposed control law does lead to energy decay. We illustrate the rich behavior of...

Control structure in optimization problems of bar systems

Leszek Mikulski (2004)

International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science

Optimal design problems in mechanics can be mathematically formulated as optimal control tasks. The minimum principle is employed in solving such problems. This principle allows us to write down optimal design problems as Multipoint Boundary Value Problems (MPBVPs). The dimension of MPBVPs is an essential restriction that decides on numerical difficulties. Optimal control theory does not give much information about the control structure, i.e., about the sequence of the forms of the right-hand sides...

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