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Application of splines for determining the velocity characteristic of a medium from a vertical seismic survey

Vladimir Bogdanov, Wladimir Karsten, Valeriy Miroshnichenko, Yuriy Volkov (2013)

Open Mathematics

A method for solving the inverse kinematic problem of determining the velocity characteristic of a medium from a vertical seismic survey, is proposed. It is based on the combined use of the eikonal equation and spline methods of approximation for multivariable functions. The problem is solved by assuming a horizontally stratified medium; no assumptions about the number of layers and their thickness are made. First, using the data of the first arrival times of the seismic signal from several shotpoints,...

Elastic wave propagation in parallel: the Huygens' approach.

Javier Sabadell (2002)

Revista Matemática Complutense

The use of parallel computers makes it feasible to simulate elastic waves throughout large heterogeneous structures, and new domain decomposition methods can be used to increase their efficiency and decrease the computing time spent in the simulation. In this paper we introduce a simple parallel algorithm for the propagation of elastic waves in complex heterogeneous media after a finite element discretization. This method performs more efficiently than classic domain decomposition techniques based...

Estimates based on scale separation for geophysical flows.

François Jauberteau, Roger Temam (2002)

RACSAM

The objective of this work is to obtain theoretical estimates on the large and small scales for geophysical flows. Firstly, we consider the shallow water problem in the one-dimensional case, then in the two-dimensional case. Finally we consider geophysical flows under the hydrostatic hypothesis and the Boussinesq approximation. Scale separation is based on Fourier series, with N models in each spatial direction, and the choice of a cut-off level N1 < N to define large and small scales. We...

Finite element approximations of a glaciology problem

Sum S. Chow, Graham F. Carey, Michael L. Anderson (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

In this paper we study a model problem describing the movement of a glacier under Glen's flow law and investigated by Colinge and Rappaz [Colinge and Rappaz, ESAIM: M2AN33 (1999) 395–406]. We establish error estimates for finite element approximation using the results of Chow [Chow, SIAM J. Numer. Analysis29 (1992) 769–780] and Liu and Barrett [Liu and Barrett, SIAM J. Numer. Analysis33 (1996) 98–106] and give an analysis of the convergence of the successive approximations used in [Colinge and...

Finite element approximations of a glaciology problem

Sum S. Chow, Graham F. Carey, Michael L. Anderson (2004)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

In this paper we study a model problem describing the movement of a glacier under Glen’s flow law and investigated by Colinge and Rappaz [Colinge and Rappaz, ESAIM: M2AN 33 (1999) 395–406]. We establish error estimates for finite element approximation using the results of Chow [Chow, SIAM J. Numer. Analysis 29 (1992) 769–780] and Liu and Barrett [Liu and Barrett, SIAM J. Numer. Analysis 33 (1996) 98–106] and give an analysis of the convergence of the successive approximations used in [Colinge and...

Mathematical and numerical analysis of a stratigraphic model

Véronique Gervais, Roland Masson (2004)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

In this paper, we consider a multi-lithology diffusion model used in stratigraphic modelling to simulate large scale transport processes of sediments described as a mixture of L lithologies. This model is a simplified one for which the surficial fluxes are proportional to the slope of the topography and to a lithology fraction with unitary diffusion coefficients. The main unknowns of the system are the sediment thickness h , the L surface concentrations c i s in lithology i of the sediments at the top...

Mathematical and numerical analysis of a stratigraphic model

Véronique Gervais, Roland Masson (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

In this paper, we consider a multi-lithology diffusion model used in stratigraphic modelling to simulate large scale transport processes of sediments described as a mixture of L lithologies. This model is a simplified one for which the surficial fluxes are proportional to the slope of the topography and to a lithology fraction with unitary diffusion coefficients. The main unknowns of the system are the sediment thickness h, the L surface concentrations c i s in lithology i of the sediments at the...

Numerical simulation of internal tides in the Strait of Gibraltar.

Manuel J. Castro, José Manuel González Vida, Jorge Macías, M.L. Muñoz, Carlos Parés, José Antonio García Rodríguez, Carlos Vázquez Cendón (2002)

RACSAM

Presentamos un modelo numérico unidimensional para flujos bicapa que se ha desarrollado para la simulación de flujos a través de canales con geometría irregular tanto en anchura como en profundidad. Este modelo se utiliza para el estudio y simulación de las mareas internas que tienen lugar en el Estrecho de Gibraltar. En primer lugar presentaremos las ecuaciones del modelo y el esquema numérico que se usa para su resolución. A continuación evaluaremos el buen hacer del modelo numérico comparando...

Numerical simulations of glacial rebound using preconditioned iterative solution methods

Erik Bängtsson, Maya Neytcheva (2005)

Applications of Mathematics

This paper discusses finite element discretization and preconditioning strategies for the iterative solution of nonsymmetric indefinite linear algebraic systems of equations arising in modelling of glacial rebound processes. Some numerical experiments for the purely elastic model setting are provided. Comparisons of the performance of the iterative solution method with a direct solution method are included as well.

Polysystem Modelling of Geographical Processes and Phenomena in Nature and Society

A. K. Cherkashin (2009)

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

Polysystem methodology elaborated for comprehensive analysis of geographical objects considers them as interrelated systems of different types. Each systematic interpretation of a territorial object is formed as a theory describing this object with a special language used for construction of a certain type of models. This paper proposes new methods to develop geographical models and describes several types of systematic models constructed by these methods.

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