### Stabilization of Galerkin approximations of transport equations by subgrid modeling

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The Navier–Stokes equations are approximated by means of a fractional step, Chorin–Temam projection method; the time derivative is approximated by a three-level backward finite difference, whereas the approximation in space is performed by a Galerkin technique. It is shown that the proposed scheme yields an error of $\mathcal{O}(\delta {t}^{2}+{h}^{l+1})$ for the velocity in the norm of (L(Ω)), where ≥ 1 is the polynomial degree of the velocity approximation. It is also shown that the splitting error of projection...

This paper presents a stabilization technique for approximating transport equations. The key idea consists in introducing an artificial diffusion based on a two-level decomposition of the approximation space. The technique is proved to have stability and convergence properties that are similar to that of the streamline diffusion method.

We show that the Maxwell equations in the low frequency limit, in a domain composed of insulating and conducting regions, has a saddle point structure, where the electric field in the insulating region is the Lagrange multiplier that enforces the curl-free constraint on the magnetic field. We propose a mixed finite element technique for solving this problem, and we show that, under mild regularity assumption on the data, Lagrange finite elements can be used as an alternative to edge elements.

This paper presents a model based on spectral hyperviscosity for the simulation of 3D turbulent incompressible flows. One particularity of this model is that the hyperviscosity is active only at the short velocity scales, a feature which is reminiscent of Large Eddy Simulation models. We propose a Fourier–Galerkin approximation of the perturbed Navier–Stokes equations and we show that, as the cutoff wavenumber goes to infinity, the solution of the model converges (up to subsequences) to a weak solution...

This paper presents a model based on spectral hyperviscosity for the simulation of 3D turbulent incompressible flows. One particularity of this model is that the hyperviscosity is active only at the short velocity scales, a feature which is reminiscent of Large Eddy Simulation models. We propose a Fourier–Galerkin approximation of the perturbed Navier–Stokes equations and we show that, as the cutoff wavenumber goes to infinity, the solution of the model converges (up to subsequences) to a weak...

This paper derives upper and lower bounds for the ${\ell}^{p}$-condition number of the stiffness matrix resulting from the finite element approximation of a linear, abstract model problem. Sharp estimates in terms of the meshsize are obtained. The theoretical results are applied to finite element approximations of elliptic PDE's in variational and in mixed form, and to first-order PDE's approximated using the Galerkin–Least Squares technique or by means of a non-standard Galerkin technique in ...

This work is devoted to the study of a two-dimensional vector Poisson equation with the normal component of the unknown and the value of the divergence of the unknown prescribed simultaneously on the entire boundary. These two scalar boundary conditions appear alternative in a standard variational framework. An original variational formulation of this boundary value problem is proposed here. Furthermore, an uncoupled solution algorithm is introduced together with its finite element approximation. The...

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