### A K-theoretic relative index theorem and Callias-type Dirac operators.

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Using methods from coarse topology we show that fundamental classes of closed enlargeable manifolds map non-trivially both to the rational homology of their fundamental groups and to the $K$-theory of the corresponding reduced ${C}^{*}$-algebras. Our proofs do not depend on the Baum–Connes conjecture and provide independent confirmation for specific predictions derived from this conjecture.

This survey of the work of the author with several collaborators presents the way groupoids appear and can be used in index theory. We define the general tools, and apply them to the case of manifolds with corners, ending with a topological index theorem.

Building on the theory of elliptic operators, we give a unified treatment of the following topics: - the problem of homotopy invariance of Novikov’s higher signatures on closed manifolds, - the problem of cut-and-paste invariance of Novikov’s higher signatures on closed manifolds, - the problem of defining higher signatures on manifolds with boundary and proving their homotopy invariance.

In this overview, we study how to reduce the index pairing for a fibre-product C*-algebra to the index pairing for the C*-algebra over which the fibre product is taken. As an example we analyze the case of suspensions and apply it to noncommutative instanton bundles of arbitrary charges over the suspension of quantum deformations of the 3-sphere.

These notes represent the subject of five lectures which were delivered as a minicourse during the VI conference in Krynica, Poland, “Geometry and Topology of Manifolds”, May, 2–8, 2004.

We consider the norm closure 𝔄 of the algebra of all operators of order and class zero in Boutet de Monvel's calculus on a compact manifold X with boundary ∂X. Assuming that all connected components of X have nonempty boundary, we show that K₁(𝔄) ≃ K₁(C(X)) ⊕ ker χ, where χ: K₀(C₀(T*Ẋ)) → ℤ is the topological index, T*Ẋ denoting the cotangent bundle of the interior. Also K₀(𝔄) is topologically determined. In case ∂X has torsion free K-theory, we get K₀(𝔄) ≃ K₀(C(X)) ⊕ K₁(C₀(T*Ẋ)).