### 50 years sets with positive reach -- a survey.

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Variational integrals containing several functions of one independent variable subjected moreover to an underdetermined system of ordinary differential equations (the Lagrange problem) are investigated within a survey of examples. More systematical discussion of two crucial examples from Part I with help of the methods of Parts II and III is performed not excluding certain instructive subcases to manifest the significant role of generalized Poincaré-Cartan forms without undetermined multipliers....

In the framework of transport theory, we are interested in the following optimization problem: given the distributions ${\mu}^{+}$ of working people and ${\mu}^{-}$ of their working places in an urban area, build a transportation network (such as a railway or an underground system) which minimizes a functional depending on the geometry of the network through a particular cost function. The functional is defined as the Wasserstein distance of ${\mu}^{+}$ from ${\mu}^{-}$ with respect to a metric which depends on the transportation network....

In the framework of transport theory, we are interested in the following optimization problem: given the distributions µ+ of working people and µ- of their working places in an urban area, build a transportation network (such as a railway or an underground system) which minimizes a functional depending on the geometry of the network through a particular cost function. The functional is defined as the Wasserstein distance of µ+ from µ- with respect to a metric which depends on the transportation...