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A mathematical and computational framework for reliable real-time solution of parametrized partial differential equations

Christophe Prud'homme, Dimitrios V. Rovas, Karen Veroy, Anthony T. Patera (2002)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

We present in this article two components: these components can in fact serve various goals independently, though we consider them here as an ensemble. The first component is a technique for the rapid and reliable evaluation prediction of linear functional outputs of elliptic (and parabolic) partial differential equations with affine parameter dependence. The essential features are (i) (provably) rapidly convergent global reduced–basis approximations — Galerkin projection onto a space W N spanned...

A Mathematical and Computational Framework for Reliable Real-Time Solution of Parametrized Partial Differential Equations

Christophe Prud'homme, Dimitrios V. Rovas, Karen Veroy, Anthony T. Patera (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We present in this article two components: these components can in fact serve various goals independently, though we consider them here as an ensemble. The first component is a technique for the rapid and reliable evaluation prediction of linear functional outputs of elliptic (and parabolic) partial differential equations with affine parameter dependence. The essential features are (i) (provably) rapidly convergent global reduced–basis approximations — Galerkin projection onto a space WN spanned...

A Slideing Mesh-Mortar Method for a two Dimensional Currents Model of Electric Engines

Annalisa Buffa, Yvon Maday, Francesca Rapetti (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

The paper deals with the application of a non-conforming domain decomposition method to the problem of the computation of induced currents in electric engines with moving conductors. The eddy currents model is considered as a quasi-static approximation of Maxwell equations and we study its two-dimensional formulation with either the modified magnetic vector potential or the magnetic field as primary variable. Two discretizations are proposed, the first one based on curved finite elements and the...

A sliding Mesh-Mortar method for a two dimensional Eddy currents model of electric engines

Annalisa Buffa, Yvon Maday, Francesca Rapetti (2001)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

The paper deals with the application of a non-conforming domain decomposition method to the problem of the computation of induced currents in electric engines with moving conductors. The eddy currents model is considered as a quasi-static approximation of Maxwell equations and we study its two-dimensional formulation with either the modified magnetic vector potential or the magnetic field as primary variable. Two discretizations are proposed, the first one based on curved finite elements and the...

Advanced approach for the public transportation regulation system based on cybercars

Asma Melki, Slim Hammadi, Yves Sallez, Thierry Berger, Christian Tahon (2010)

RAIRO - Operations Research

In the last decade, the authorities require the use of safe, comfortable vehicles to assure a door to door aspect with respect of environment in the urban context. In this paper, we propose an advanced approach of transport regulation where we integrate cybercars into a regulation process as an alternative in disruption cases. For that, we propose an ITS architecture including public transportation and cybercars into the same framework. We will show that collaboration between these two systems...

An object-oriented approach to simulating human gait motion based on motion tracking

Martin Tändl, Tobias Stark, Nihat Ercümet Erol, Franz Löer, Andrés Kecskeméthy (2009)

International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science

Accurate bone motion reconstruction from marker tracking is still an open and challenging issue in biomechanics. Presented in this paper is a novel approach to gait motion reconstruction based on kinematical loops and functional skeleton features extracted from segmented Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) data. The method uses an alternative path for concatenating relative motion starting at the feet and closing at the hip joints. From the evaluation of discrepancies between predicted and geometrically...

Application of a Java-based framework to parallel simulation of large-scale systems

Ewa Niewiadomska-Szynkiewicz, Maciej Żmuda, Maciej Żmuda (2003)

International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science

Large-scale systems, such as computer and telecommunication networks, complex control systems and many others, operate in inherently parallel environments. It follows that there are many opportunities to admit parallelism into both the algorithm of control implementation and simulation of the system operation considered. The paper addresses issues associated with the application of parallel discrete event simulation (PDES). We discuss the PDES terminology and methodology. Particular attention is...

Computational approaches to the design of low-energy buildings

Jarošová, Petra (2015)

Programs and Algorithms of Numerical Mathematics

European and Czech directives and technical standards, approved in several last years, force substantial changes in thermal behaviour of all buildings, including new and reconstructed one- or more-family houses, block of fl ats, etc., especially radical decrease of their energy requirements. This stimulates the development of advanced materials, structures and technologies. Since no reliable experience with their design is available, robust and non-expensive computational simulation approaches,...

Computing guided modes for an unbounded stratified medium in integrated optics

Fabrice Mahé (2010)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We present a finite element method to compute guided modes in a stratified medium. The major difficulty to overcome is related to the unboundedness of the stratified medium. Our method is an alternative to the use of artificial boundary conditions and to the use of integral representation formulae. The domain is bounded in such a way we can write the solution on its lateral boundaries in terms of Fourier series. The series is then truncated for the computations over the bounded domain. The problem...

Computing guided modes for an unbounded stratified medium in integrated optics

Fabrice Mahé (2001)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

We present a finite element method to compute guided modes in a stratified medium. The major difficulty to overcome is related to the unboundedness of the stratified medium. Our method is an alternative to the use of artificial boundary conditions and to the use of integral representation formulae. The domain is bounded in such a way we can write the solution on its lateral boundaries in terms of Fourier series. The series is then truncated for the computations over the bounded domain. The problem...

Dislocation dynamics - analytical description of the interaction force between dipolar loops

Vojtěch Minárik, Jan Kratochvíl (2007)

Kybernetika

The interaction between dislocation dipolar loops plays an important role in the computation of the dislocation dynamics. The analytical form of the interaction force between two loops derived in the present paper from Kroupa’s formula of the stress field generated by a single dipolar loop allows for faster computation.

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