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4D Embryogenesis image analysis using PDE methods of image processing

Paul Bourgine, Róbert Čunderlík, Olga Drblíková-Stašová, Karol Mikula, Mariana Remešíková, Nadine Peyriéras, Barbara Rizzi, Alessandro Sarti (2010)

Kybernetika

In this paper, we introduce a set of methods for processing and analyzing long time series of 3D images representing embryo evolution. The images are obtained by in vivo scanning using a confocal microscope where one of the channels represents the cell nuclei and the other one the cell membranes. Our image processing chain consists of three steps: image filtering, object counting (center detection) and segmentation. The corresponding methods are based on numerical solution of nonlinear PDEs, namely...

A compactness result for a second-order variational discrete model

Andrea Braides, Anneliese Defranceschi, Enrico Vitali (2012)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis - Modélisation Mathématique et Analyse Numérique

We analyze a nonlinear discrete scheme depending on second-order finite differences. This is the two-dimensional analog of a scheme which in one dimension approximates a free-discontinuity energy proposed by Blake and Zisserman as a higher-order correction of the Mumford and Shah functional. In two dimension we give a compactness result showing that the continuous problem approximating this difference scheme is still defined on special functions with bounded hessian, and we give an upper and a lower...

A compactness result for a second-order variational discrete model

Andrea Braides, Anneliese Defranceschi, Enrico Vitali (2011)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We analyze a nonlinear discrete scheme depending on second-order finite differences. This is the two-dimensional analog of a scheme which in one dimension approximates a free-discontinuity energy proposed by Blake and Zisserman as a higher-order correction of the Mumford and Shah functional. In two dimension we give a compactness result showing that the continuous problem approximating this difference scheme is still defined on special functions...

a functional analysis model for natural images permitting structured compression

Jacques Froment (2010)

ESAIM: Control, Optimisation and Calculus of Variations

This paper describes a compact perceptual image model intended for morphological representation of the visual information contained in natural images. We explain why the total variation can be a criterion to split the information between the two main visual structures, which are the sketch and the microtextures. We deduce a morphological decomposition scheme, based on a segmentation where the borders of the regions correspond to the location of the topological singularities of a topographic map. This...

A grid-computing based multi-camera tracking system for vehicle plate recognition

Zalili Binti Musa, Junzo Watada (2006)

Kybernetika

There are several ways that can be implemented in a vehicle tracking system such as recognizing a vehicle color, a shape or a vehicle plate itself. In this paper, we will concentrate ourselves on recognizing a vehicle on a highway through vehicle plate recognition. Generally, recognizing a vehicle plate for a toll-gate system or parking system is easier than recognizing a car plate for the highway system. There are many cameras installed on the highway to capture images and every camera has different...

A Nonlinear Parabolic Model in Processing of Medical Image

R. Aboulaich, S. Boujena, E. El Guarmah (2008)

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

The image's restoration is an essential step in medical imaging. Several Filters are developped to remove noise, the most interesting are filters who permits to denoise the image preserving semantically important structures. One class of recent adaptive denoising methods is the nonlinear Partial Differential Equations who knows currently a significant success. This work deals with mathematical study for a proposed nonlinear evolution partial differential equation for image processing. The existence...

A survey of subpixel edge detection methods for images of heat-emitting metal specimens

Anna Fabijańska (2012)

International Journal of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science

In this paper the problem of accurate edge detection in images of heat-emitting specimens of metals is discussed. The images are provided by the computerized system for high temperature measurements of surface properties of metals and alloys. Subpixel edge detection is applied in the system considered in order to improve the accuracy of surface tension determination. A reconstructive method for subpixel edge detection is introduced. The method uses a Gaussian function in order to reconstruct the...

A topological asymptotic analysis for the regularized grey-level image classification problem

Didier Auroux, Lamia Jaafar Belaid, Mohamed Masmoudi (2007)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

The aim of this article is to propose a new method for the grey-level image classification problem. We first present the classical variational approach without and with a regularization term in order to smooth the contours of the classified image. Then we present the general topological asymptotic analysis, and we finally introduce its application to the grey-level image classification problem.

A variational model in image processing with focal points

Andrea Braides, Giuseppe Riey (2008)

ESAIM: Mathematical Modelling and Numerical Analysis

We propose a model for segmentation problems involving an energy concentrated on the vertices of an unknown polyhedral set, where the contours of the images to be recovered have preferred directions and focal points. We prove that such an energy is obtained as a Γ-limit of functionals defined on sets with smooth boundary that involve curvature terms of the boundary. The minimizers of the limit functional are polygons with edges either parallel to some prescribed directions or pointing to some fixed...

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