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A parallel algorithm for two phase multicomponent contaminant transport

Todd Arbogast, Clint N. Dawson, Mary F. Wheeler (1995)

Applications of Mathematics

We discuss the formulation of a simulator in three spatial dimensions for a multicomponent, two phase (air, water) system of groundwater flow and transport with biodegradation kinetics and wells with multiple screens. The simulator has been developed for parallel, distributed memory, message passing machines. The numerical procedures employed are a fully implicit expanded mixed finite element method for flow and either a characteristics-mixed method or a Godunov method for transport and reactions...

An error estimate uniform in time for spectral Galerkin approximations for the equations for the motion of a chemical active fluid.

M. A. Rojas-Medar, S. A. Lorca (1995)

Revista Matemática de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid

We study error estimates and their convergence rates for approximate solutions of spectral Galerkin type for the equations for the motion of a viscous chemical active fluid in a bounded domain. We find error estimates that are uniform in time and also optimal in the L2-norm and H1-norm. New estimates in the H(-1)-norm are given.

Combustion in hydraulically resisted flows.

Gregory I. Sivashinsky (2007)


The effects of hydraulic resistance on premixed gas combustion in tubes and inert porous beds are discussed on the basis of recent research. It is found that the hydraulic resistance causes a gradual precompression and preheating of the unburned gas adjacent to the advancing deflagration which may lead (after an extended induction period) to a localized thermal explosion triggering an abrupt transition from deglagrative to detonative combustion. The hydraulic resistance has a profound effect also...

Coupling of chemical reaction with flow and molecular transport

Ulrich Maas (1995)

Applications of Mathematics

During the last years the interest in the numerical simulation of reacting flows has grown considerably. Numerical methods are available, which allow to couple chemical kinetics with flow and molecular transport. However, the use of detailed physical and chemical models, involving more than 100 chemical species, and thus more than 100 species conservation equations, is restricted to very simple flow configurations like one-dimensional systems or two-dimensional systems with very simple geometries,...

Flame Propagation through Large-Scale Vortical Flows: Effect of Equivalence Ratio

L. Kagan, G. Sivashinsky (2010)

Mathematical Modelling of Natural Phenomena

The present work is a continuation of previous studies of premixed gas flames spreading through a space-periodic array of large-scale vorticities, and is motivated by the experimentally known phenomenon of flame extinction by turbulence. The prior work dealt with the strongly non-stoichiometric limit where the reaction rate is controlled by a single (deficient) reactant. In the present study the discussion is extended over a physically more realistic formulation based on a bimolecular reaction...

Fluid-dynamic equations for reacting gas mixtures

Marzia Bisi, Maria Groppi, Giampiero Spiga (2005)

Applications of Mathematics

Starting from the Grad 13-moment equations for a bimolecular chemical reaction, Navier-Stokes-type equations are derived by asymptotic procedure in the limit of small mean paths. Two physical situations of slow and fast reactions, with their different hydrodynamic variables and conservation equations, are considered separately, yielding different limiting results.

Local Bifurcations in a Nonlinear Model of a Bioreactor

Dimitrova, Neli (2009)

Serdica Journal of Computing

This paper is partially supported by the Bulgarian Science Fund under grant Nr. DO 02– 359/2008.We consider a nonlinear model of a continuously stirred bioreactor and study the stability of the equilibrium points with respect to practically important model parameters. We determine regions in the parameter space where the steady states undergo transcritical and Hopf bifurcations. In the latter case, the stability of the emerged limit cycles is also studied. Numerical simulations in the computer algebra...

Model of pulverized coal combustion in a furnace

Robert Straka, Jindřich Makovička (2007)


We describe behavior of the air-coal mixture using the Navier–Stokes equations for gas and particle phases, accompanied by a turbulence model. The undergoing chemical reactions are described by the Arrhenian kinetics (reaction rate proportional to exp - E R T , where T is temperature). We also consider the heat transfer via conduction and radiation. Moreover we use improved turbulence-chemistry interactions for reaction terms. The system of PDEs is discretized using the finite volume method (FVM) and an advection...

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