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Dissident algebras

Ernst Dieterich (1999)

Colloquium Mathematicae

Given a euclidean vector space V = (V,〈〉) and a linear map η: V ∧ V → V, the anti-commutative algebra (V,η) is called dissident in case η(v ∧ w) ∉ ℝv ⊕ ℝw for each pair of non-proportional vectors (v,w) ∈ V 2 . For any dissident algebra (V,η) and any linear form ξ: V ∧ V → ℝ, the vector space ℝ × V, endowed with the multiplication (α,v)(β,w) = (αβ -〈v,w〉+ ξ(v ∧ w), αw + βv + η(v ∧ w)), is a quadratic division algebra. Up to isomorphism, each real quadratic division algebra arises in this way. Vector...

Dissident maps on the seven-dimensional Euclidean space

Ernst Dieterich, Lars Lindberg (2003)

Colloquium Mathematicae

Our article contributes to the classification of dissident maps on ℝ ⁷, which in turn contributes to the classification of 8-dimensional real division algebras. We study two large classes of dissident maps on ℝ ⁷. The first class is formed by all composed dissident maps, obtained from a vector product on ℝ ⁷ by composition with a definite endomorphism. The second class is formed by all doubled dissident maps, obtained as the purely imaginary parts of the structures of those 8-dimensional...

On the classification of the real flexible division algebras

Erik Darpö (2006)

Colloquium Mathematicae

We investigate the class of finite-dimensional real flexible division algebras. We classify the commutative division algebras, completing an approach by Althoen and Kugler. We solve the isomorphism problem for scalar isotopes of quadratic division algebras, and classify the generalised pseudo-octonion algebras. In view of earlier results by Benkart, Britten and Osborn and Cuenca Mira et al., this reduces the problem of classifying the real flexible division algebras to the normal...

On the doubling of quadratic algebras

Lars Lindberg (2004)

Colloquium Mathematicae

The concept of doubling, which was introduced around 1840 by Graves and Hamilton, associates with any quadratic algebra 𝓐 over a field k of characteristic not 2 its double 𝓥(𝓐 ) = 𝓐 × 𝓐 with multiplication (w,x)(y,z) = (wy - z̅x,xy̅ + zw). This yields an endofunctor on the category of all quadratic k-algebras which is faithful but not full. We study in which respect the division property of a quadratic k-algebra is preserved under doubling and, provided this is the case, whether the...

On the structure and zero divisors of the Cayley-Dickson sedenion algebra

Raoul E. Cawagas (2004)

Discussiones Mathematicae - General Algebra and Applications

The algebras ℂ (complex numbers), ℍ (quaternions), and 𝕆 (octonions) are real division algebras obtained from the real numbers ℝ by a doubling procedure called the Cayley-Dickson Process. By doubling ℝ (dim 1), we obtain ℂ (dim 2), then ℂ produces ℍ (dim 4), and ℍ yields 𝕆 (dim 8). The next doubling process applied to 𝕆 then yields an algebra 𝕊 (dim 16) called the sedenions. This study deals with the subalgebra structure of the sedenion algebra 𝕊 and its zero divisors. In particular, it shows...

Sur une algèbre Q-symétrique

A. Guichardet (1997)

Annales Polonici Mathematici

We establish several properties of a quadratic algebra over a field k, which is a deformation of the symmetric algebra Sk³. In particular, we prove that A is an integral domain, noetherian and Koszul; we compute its first Hochschild cohomology group; we determine the corresponding Poisson structure on k³ and its symplectic leaves; we define an involution on A and describe the corresponding irreducible involutive representations.

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